Phyllonorycter leucographella (Zeller, 1850)

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SUBFAMILY Lithocolletinae
GENUSPhyllonorycter
SPECIES leucographella
AUTHOR(Zeller, 1850)
ORIGINAL COMBINATIONLith.[ocolletis] leucographella Koll. nov. sp.
TYPE LOCALITY[Italy], [Tuscany], Montenero.
GEOGRAPHICAL COORDINATES /
TYPE SPECIMEN(S) Holotype ♂, nr. 671, Zeller collection, Walsingham collection 1910-427, BMNH.
STATUSSpecies
PUBLICATION Zeller, P. C. 1850b. Verzeichniss der von Herrn Jos. Mann beobachteten Toscanischen Microlepidoptera. - Entomologische Zeitung, Stettin 11(6):195–212.
PAGINATION 207–208

Species pictures

Species Distribution

COUNTRY PROVINCE/STATE PUBLICATION PAGE
Austria   Bathon, H. 1984. Die Feuerdorn-Miniermotte, Phyllonorycter leucographella Zeller, ein für Deutschland neuer Kleinschmetterling (Lep.: Gracillariidae). - Entomologische Zeitschrift 94(11):151–157. 151
Belgium   De Prins, W. 1994. Phyllonorycter leucographella (Zeller, 1850) een nieuwe soort voor de Belgische fauna (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Phegea 22(4):125–128. 125
Bosnia and Herzegovina   Triberti, P. 2007a. The Phyllonorycter species from Palaearctic Region feeding on Rosaceae (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae). - Bollettino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona 31:147–221. 191
Bulgaria   Tomov, R. 2007. Pest status of alien leaf-mining moths (Lepidoptera) in Bulgaria. - Plant Protection 18:79–81. 79
Croatia   Matoševic, D. 2007. First record of Phyllonorycter issikii and distribution of invasive leafminer species from the family Gracillariidae in Croatia. - Šumarski institut, Jastrebarsko 42(2):127–142. 129
Czech Republic   Šefrová, H. 1998. The occurrence of Phyllonorycter leucographellus in the Czech Republic. - Plant Protection Science 34(3):112–113. 112
Denmark   Buhl, O., Falck, P., Jørgensen, B., Karsholt, O., Larsen, K. & Vilhelmsen, F. 1994. Fund af småsommerfugle fra Danmark i 1993 (Lepidoptera). - Entomologiske Meddelelser 62(4):105–115. 108
France   Le Marchand, S. 1936. Clé ou table analytique pour la détermination des espèces françaises de Lithocolletis (Famille des Gracilariidae [sic]). - L'Amateur de Papillons 8(6–8):83–118. 98
Germany   Bathon, H. 1984. Die Feuerdorn-Miniermotte, Phyllonorycter leucographella Zeller, ein für Deutschland neuer Kleinschmetterling (Lep.: Gracillariidae). - Entomologische Zeitschrift 94(11):151–157. 151
Greece   Staudinger, O. 1870. Beitrag zur Lepidopteren-Fauna Griechenlands. - Horae Societatis Entomologicae Rossicae 7(1, 2–3, 4):3–66, 67–282, 283–304. 279
Hungary   Csóka, G. 1992. [Phyllonorycter leucographella Zeller, 1850: new mining moth in the Hungarian fauna (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae)]. - Folia Entomologica Hungarica / Rovartani Közlemények 52:222. 222
Italy   Zeller, P. C. 1850b. Verzeichniss der von Herrn Jos. Mann beobachteten Toscanischen Microlepidoptera. - Entomologische Zeitung, Stettin 11(6):195–212. 207
Netherlands   Stigter, H. & van Frankenhuyzen, A. 1991. Phyllonorycter leucographella, een voor Nederland nieuwe bladmineerder (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Entomologische Berichten 51(10):129–135. 129
Poland   Baraniak, E. & Walczak, U. 2000a. Phyllonorycter leucographella (Zeller, 1850) (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in Poland. - Wiadomosci Entomologiczne 19(2):105–108. 105
Serbia   Dobrosavljevic, J., Markovic, C. & Bojic, S. 2017. Overview of leaf miner fauna in Serbia. - — :1490–1498. 1492
Slovakia   Tokár, Z., Slamka, F. & Pastorális, G. 1999. New and interesting records of Lepidoptera from Slovakia in 1995-1997. - Entomofauna Carpathica 11:43–57. 45
Slovenia   Macek, J. 1976. Untersuchungen zur hyponomologischen Fauna Sloweniens. II. - Acta Entomologica Jugoslavica 12:59–65. 61
Sweden   Svensson, I. 2000. Remarkable records of Microlepidoptera in Sweden during 1999. - Entomologisk Tidskrift 121(1–2):1–12. 2
Switzerland   Staub, A. 1976. Miniermotten raubten dem Feuerdorn die winterliche Blattschönheit. - Gartenbau 19:700. 700
United Kingdom   Emmet, A. M. 1989. Phyllonorycter leucographella (Zeller, 1850) (Lep., Gracillariidae) in Essex: a species new to Britain. - Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 109(9–10):189–194. 189

Host Plants

FAMILY SPECIES COUNTRY PUBLICATION PAGE
Platanaceae Platanus acerifolia United Kingdom Dickerson, B. 2005. Phyllonorycter leucographella (Zell.) (Lep.: Gracillariidae): larval mines found on new foodplant. - Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 117(6):268–269. 268
Rosaceae Chaenomeles sp. Netherlands Stigter, H. & van Frankenhuyzen, A. 1991. Phyllonorycter leucographella, een voor Nederland nieuwe bladmineerder (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Entomologische Berichten 51(10):129–135.  
Rosaceae Cotoneaster sp. Netherlands Stigter, H. & van Frankenhuyzen, A. 1991. Phyllonorycter leucographella, een voor Nederland nieuwe bladmineerder (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Entomologische Berichten 51(10):129–135.  
Rosaceae Crataegus monogyna United Kingdom Gröbler, B. C. & Lewis, O. T. 2008. Response of the native parasitoids to a range-expanding host. - Ecological Entomology 33(4):453–463. 453
Rosaceae Crataegus sp. Netherlands Stigter, H. & van Frankenhuyzen, A. 1991. Phyllonorycter leucographella, een voor Nederland nieuwe bladmineerder (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Entomologische Berichten 51(10):129–135.  
Rosaceae Crataegus sp. United Kingdom Dickerson, B. 2005. Phyllonorycter leucographella (Zell.) (Lep.: Gracillariidae): larval mines found on new foodplant. - Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 117(6):268–269. 268
Rosaceae Malus domestica United Kingdom Langmaid, J. R. & Young, M. R. 2012a. Microlepidoptera review of 2011. - Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 124:249–276. 257
Rosaceae Malus sp. United Kingdom Dickerson, B. 2005. Phyllonorycter leucographella (Zell.) (Lep.: Gracillariidae): larval mines found on new foodplant. - Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 117(6):268–269. 268
Rosaceae Pyracantha coccinea Belgium De Prins, W. 1994. Phyllonorycter leucographella (Zeller, 1850) een nieuwe soort voor de Belgische fauna (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Phegea 22(4):125–128. 125
Rosaceae Pyracantha coccinea Croatia Matoševic, D. 2007. First record of Phyllonorycter issikii and distribution of invasive leafminer species from the family Gracillariidae in Croatia. - Šumarski institut, Jastrebarsko 42(2):127–142. 129
Rosaceae Pyracantha coccinea Czech Republic Šefrová, H. 1999. On larval morphology, biology and distribution of Phyllonorycter leucographellus (Zeller) (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae). - Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Facultas Silviculturae 47(3):57–63. 60
Rosaceae Pyracantha coccinea France Le Marchand, S. 1936. Clé ou table analytique pour la détermination des espèces françaises de Lithocolletis (Famille des Gracilariidae [sic]). - L'Amateur de Papillons 8(6–8):83–118. 99
Rosaceae Pyracantha coccinea United Kingdom Bradley, J. D., Jacobs, S. N. A. & Tremewan, W. G. 1969. A key to the British and French species of Phyllonorycter Hübner (Lithocolletis Hübner) (Lep. Gracillariidae). - Entomologist's Gazette 20:3–33. 15
Rosaceae Pyracantha coccinea Germany Bathon, H. 1984. Die Feuerdorn-Miniermotte, Phyllonorycter leucographella Zeller, ein für Deutschland neuer Kleinschmetterling (Lep.: Gracillariidae). - Entomologische Zeitschrift 94(11):151–157. 152
Rosaceae Pyracantha coccinea Poland Baraniak, E. & Walczak, U. 2000a. Phyllonorycter leucographella (Zeller, 1850) (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in Poland. - Wiadomosci Entomologiczne 19(2):105–108. 107
Rosaceae Pyracantha coccinea Denmark Buhl, O., Falck, P., Jørgensen, B., Karsholt, O., Larsen, K. & Vilhelmsen, F. 1994. Fund af småsommerfugle fra Danmark i 1993 (Lepidoptera). - Entomologiske Meddelelser 62(4):105–115. 108
Rosaceae Pyracantha coccinea Hungary Csóka, G. 1992. [Phyllonorycter leucographella Zeller, 1850: new mining moth in the Hungarian fauna (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae)]. - Folia Entomologica Hungarica / Rovartani Közlemények 52:222. 222
Rosaceae Pyracantha coccinea Sweden Svensson, I. 2000. Remarkable records of Microlepidoptera in Sweden during 1999. - Entomologisk Tidskrift 121(1–2):1–12. 2
Rosaceae Pyracantha coccinea Slovakia Tokár, Z., Slamka, F. & Pastorális, G. 1999. New and interesting records of Lepidoptera from Slovakia in 1995-1997. - Entomofauna Carpathica 11:43–57. 45
Rosaceae Pyracantha coccinea Bulgaria Tomov, R. 2007. Pest status of alien leaf-mining moths (Lepidoptera) in Bulgaria. - Plant Protection 18:79–81. 79
Rosaceae Pyracantha coccinea Slovenia Macek, J. 1976. Untersuchungen zur hyponomologischen Fauna Sloweniens. II. - Acta Entomologica Jugoslavica 12:59–65. 61
Rosaceae Pyracantha coccinea Italy Hartig, F. 1939. Sulla Minefauna della Venezia Tridentina. - Archivio per l'Alto Adige 34(1):1–70, 46 pls. 44
Rosaceae Pyracantha sp. United Kingdom Emmet, A. M. 1988. A field guide to the smaller British Lepidoptera. Second edition. - — :1–288. 189
Rosaceae Pyracantha sp. Netherlands Stigter, H. & van Frankenhuyzen, A. 1991. Phyllonorycter leucographella, een voor Nederland nieuwe bladmineerder (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Entomologische Berichten 51(10):129–135. 130
Rosaceae Pyracantha sp. Austria Huemer, P. 1988a. Rosaceen als nahrungsressource für Mikrolepidopteren in Vorarlberg (Austria occ.) - Stapfia 16:147–173. 153
Rosaceae Pyracantha sp. France Leraut, P. 1984. Cinq espèces de Lépidoptères nouvelles pour la France (Lepidoptera). - Entomologica Gallica 1(2):105–109. 106
Rosaceae Pyrus sp. United Kingdom Dickerson, B. 2005. Phyllonorycter leucographella (Zell.) (Lep.: Gracillariidae): larval mines found on new foodplant. - Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 117(6):268–269. 268
Rosaceae Pyrus sp. Netherlands Huisman, K. J. & Koster, J. C. 2000. Nieuwe en interessante Microlepidoptera uit Nederland in hoofdzaak van de jaren 1997 en 1998 (Lepidoptera). - Entomologische Berichten 60(11):193–216. 197
Rosaceae Sorbus aria United Kingdom Palmer, R. M. 1999. Phyllonorycter leucographella (Zell.) (Lep.: Gracillariidae) feeding on Sorbus aria in Surrey. - Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 111(2):70. 70
Rosaceae Sorbus torminalis Netherlands Stigter, H. & van Frankenhuyzen, A. 1991. Phyllonorycter leucographella, een voor Nederland nieuwe bladmineerder (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Entomologische Berichten 51(10):129–135. 130
*   Blotch mine on upperside of leaf, occupying the whole leaf when full-grown.

*   The record of Calycotome spinosa (L.) Link [Fabaceae] (Spuler 1910: 415, and repeated by various authors) is probably erroneous. Stigter & Frankenhuyzen (1991: 130–131) found the species also on Malus, Crataegus and Chaenomeles [Rosaceae] but always a bush of Pyracantha was in the neighbourhood. Walczak et al. (2010: 716–717) record 75 hostplant species from two botanical gardens in Poland, of which 18 species support full development of leucographella.

Species Parasitoids

FAMILY SPECIES COUNTRY PUBLICATION PAGE
Braconidae Apanteles circumscriptus Germany Baur, H. 2005. Determination list of entomophagous insects nr. 14. - IOBC/WPRS Bulletin 28(11):i–vii, 1–71. 20
Braconidae Apanteles circumscriptus United Kingdom Emmet, A. M. 1989. Phyllonorycter leucographella (Zeller, 1850) (Lep., Gracillariidae) in Essex: a species new to Britain. - Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 109(9–10):189–194. 191
Braconidae Apanteles circumscriptus Netherlands Stigter, H. & van Frankenhuyzen, A. 1991. Phyllonorycter leucographella, een voor Nederland nieuwe bladmineerder (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Entomologische Berichten 51(10):129–135. 133
Braconidae Apanteles corvinus United Kingdom Godfray, H. C. J., Agassiz, D. J. L., Nash, D. R. & Lawton, J. H. 1995. The recruitment of parasitoid species to two invading herbivores. - Journal of Animal Ecology 64(3):393–402. 395
Braconidae Apanteles sp. Croatia Matoševic, D. & Melika, G. 2012. Diversity of parasitoid assemblages of native and alien leaf miners in Croatia. - Šumarski list 86(7–8):367–376. 371
Braconidae Apanteles sp. France Gibeaux, C. 2010. Phyllonorycter leucographella (Zeller, 1850), la Gracillarie du buisson-ardent, est-elle en déclin? (Lep. Gracillariidae Lithcolletinae). - Oreina 10:16-17. 16
Braconidae Colastes braconius United Kingdom Godfray, H. C. J., Agassiz, D. J. L., Nash, D. R. & Lawton, J. H. 1995. The recruitment of parasitoid species to two invading herbivores. - Journal of Animal Ecology 64(3):393–402. 395
Eulophidae Achrysocharoides suprafolius Germany Mey, W. 1991. Über die Bedeutung autochthoner Parasitoidenkomplexe bei der rezenten Arealexpansion von vier Phyllonorycter-Arten in Europa (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Hymenoptera). - Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin 67(1):177–194. 180
Eulophidae Achrysocharoides suprafolius United Kingdom Godfray, H. C. J., Agassiz, D. J. L., Nash, D. R. & Lawton, J. H. 1995. The recruitment of parasitoid species to two invading herbivores. - Journal of Animal Ecology 64(3):393–402. 395
Eulophidae Chrysocharis gemma United Kingdom Godfray, H. C. J., Agassiz, D. J. L., Nash, D. R. & Lawton, J. H. 1995. The recruitment of parasitoid species to two invading herbivores. - Journal of Animal Ecology 64(3):393–402. 395
Eulophidae Chrysocharis laomedon United Kingdom Gröbler, B. C. & Lewis, O. T. 2008. Response of the native parasitoids to a range-expanding host. - Ecological Entomology 33(4):453–463. 458
Eulophidae Chrysocharis nephereus United Kingdom Godfray, H. C. J., Agassiz, D. J. L., Nash, D. R. & Lawton, J. H. 1995. The recruitment of parasitoid species to two invading herbivores. - Journal of Animal Ecology 64(3):393–402. 395
Eulophidae Chrysocharis pentheus Croatia Matoševic, D. & Melika, G. 2012. Diversity of parasitoid assemblages of native and alien leaf miners in Croatia. - Šumarski list 86(7–8):367–376. 370
Eulophidae Chrysocharis sp. Netherlands Stigter, H. & van Frankenhuyzen, A. 1991. Phyllonorycter leucographella, een voor Nederland nieuwe bladmineerder (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Entomologische Berichten 51(10):129–135. 133
Eulophidae Cirrospilus diallus United Kingdom Gröbler, B. C. & Lewis, O. T. 2008. Response of the native parasitoids to a range-expanding host. - Ecological Entomology 33(4):453–463. 458
Eulophidae Cirrospilus lyncus United Kingdom Godfray, H. C. J., Agassiz, D. J. L., Nash, D. R. & Lawton, J. H. 1995. The recruitment of parasitoid species to two invading herbivores. - Journal of Animal Ecology 64(3):393–402. 395
Eulophidae Cirrospilus lyncus Germany Mey, W. 1991. Über die Bedeutung autochthoner Parasitoidenkomplexe bei der rezenten Arealexpansion von vier Phyllonorycter-Arten in Europa (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Hymenoptera). - Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin 67(1):177–194. 180
Eulophidae Cirrospilus lyncus Netherlands Stigter, H. & van Frankenhuyzen, A. 1991. Phyllonorycter leucographella, een voor Nederland nieuwe bladmineerder (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Entomologische Berichten 51(10):129–135. 133
Eulophidae Cirrospilus lyncus Croatia Matoševic, D. & Melika, G. 2012. Diversity of parasitoid assemblages of native and alien leaf miners in Croatia. - Šumarski list 86(7–8):367–376. 370
Eulophidae Cirrospilus pictus United Kingdom Gröbler, B. C. & Lewis, O. T. 2008. Response of the native parasitoids to a range-expanding host. - Ecological Entomology 33(4):453–463. 458
Eulophidae Cirrospilus sp. Croatia Matoševic, D. & Melika, G. 2012. Diversity of parasitoid assemblages of native and alien leaf miners in Croatia. - Šumarski list 86(7–8):367–376. 370
Eulophidae Cirrospilus viticola United Kingdom Gröbler, B. C. & Lewis, O. T. 2008. Response of the native parasitoids to a range-expanding host. - Ecological Entomology 33(4):453–463. 458
Eulophidae Cirrospilus vittatus United Kingdom Godfray, H. C. J., Agassiz, D. J. L., Nash, D. R. & Lawton, J. H. 1995. The recruitment of parasitoid species to two invading herbivores. - Journal of Animal Ecology 64(3):393–402. 395
Eulophidae Closterocerus sp. Croatia Matoševic, D. & Melika, G. 2012. Diversity of parasitoid assemblages of native and alien leaf miners in Croatia. - Šumarski list 86(7–8):367–376. 370
Eulophidae Colpoclypeus florus United Kingdom Gröbler, B. C. & Lewis, O. T. 2008. Response of the native parasitoids to a range-expanding host. - Ecological Entomology 33(4):453–463. 458
Eulophidae Elachertus inunctus United Kingdom Godfray, H. C. J., Agassiz, D. J. L., Nash, D. R. & Lawton, J. H. 1995. The recruitment of parasitoid species to two invading herbivores. - Journal of Animal Ecology 64(3):393–402. 395
Eulophidae Elachertus inunctus Germany Mey, W. 1991. Über die Bedeutung autochthoner Parasitoidenkomplexe bei der rezenten Arealexpansion von vier Phyllonorycter-Arten in Europa (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Hymenoptera). - Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin 67(1):177–194. 180
Eulophidae Elachertus inunctus Netherlands Stigter, H. & van Frankenhuyzen, A. 1991. Phyllonorycter leucographella, een voor Nederland nieuwe bladmineerder (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Entomologische Berichten 51(10):129–135. 133
Eulophidae Hemiptarsenus ornatus United Kingdom Godfray, H. C. J., Agassiz, D. J. L., Nash, D. R. & Lawton, J. H. 1995. The recruitment of parasitoid species to two invading herbivores. - Journal of Animal Ecology 64(3):393–402. 395
Eulophidae Minotetrastichus frontalis United Kingdom Gröbler, B. C. & Lewis, O. T. 2008. Response of the native parasitoids to a range-expanding host. - Ecological Entomology 33(4):453–463. 458
Eulophidae Minotetrastichus frontalis Croatia Matoševic, D. & Melika, G. 2012. Diversity of parasitoid assemblages of native and alien leaf miners in Croatia. - Šumarski list 86(7–8):367–376. 370
Eulophidae Neochrysocharis formosus United Kingdom Gröbler, B. C. & Lewis, O. T. 2008. Response of the native parasitoids to a range-expanding host. - Ecological Entomology 33(4):453–463. 458
Eulophidae Pediobius saulius Croatia Matoševic, D. & Melika, G. 2012. Diversity of parasitoid assemblages of native and alien leaf miners in Croatia. - Šumarski list 86(7–8):367–376. 370
Eulophidae Pnigalio agraules Germany Mey, W. 1991. Über die Bedeutung autochthoner Parasitoidenkomplexe bei der rezenten Arealexpansion von vier Phyllonorycter-Arten in Europa (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Hymenoptera). - Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin 67(1):177–194. 180
Eulophidae Pnigalio pectinicornis Netherlands Stigter, H. & van Frankenhuyzen, A. 1991. Phyllonorycter leucographella, een voor Nederland nieuwe bladmineerder (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Entomologische Berichten 51(10):129–135. 133
Eulophidae Pnigalio pectinicornis United Kingdom Godfray, H. C. J., Agassiz, D. J. L., Nash, D. R. & Lawton, J. H. 1995. The recruitment of parasitoid species to two invading herbivores. - Journal of Animal Ecology 64(3):393–402. 395
Eulophidae Pnigalio pectinicornis Germany Mey, W. 1991. Über die Bedeutung autochthoner Parasitoidenkomplexe bei der rezenten Arealexpansion von vier Phyllonorycter-Arten in Europa (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Hymenoptera). - Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin 67(1):177–194. 180
Eulophidae Pnigalio soemius United Kingdom Godfray, H. C. J., Agassiz, D. J. L., Nash, D. R. & Lawton, J. H. 1995. The recruitment of parasitoid species to two invading herbivores. - Journal of Animal Ecology 64(3):393–402. 395
Eulophidae Pnigalio soemius Netherlands Stigter, H. & van Frankenhuyzen, A. 1991. Phyllonorycter leucographella, een voor Nederland nieuwe bladmineerder (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Entomologische Berichten 51(10):129–135. 133
Eulophidae Pnigalio sp. United Kingdom Godfray, H. C. J., Agassiz, D. J. L., Nash, D. R. & Lawton, J. H. 1995. The recruitment of parasitoid species to two invading herbivores. - Journal of Animal Ecology 64(3):393–402. 395
Eulophidae Pnigalio sp. Croatia Matoševic, D. & Melika, G. 2012. Diversity of parasitoid assemblages of native and alien leaf miners in Croatia. - Šumarski list 86(7–8):367–376. 370
Eulophidae Sympiesis acalle United Kingdom Godfray, H. C. J., Agassiz, D. J. L., Nash, D. R. & Lawton, J. H. 1995. The recruitment of parasitoid species to two invading herbivores. - Journal of Animal Ecology 64(3):393–402. 395
Eulophidae Sympiesis gordius Germany Mey, W. 1991. Über die Bedeutung autochthoner Parasitoidenkomplexe bei der rezenten Arealexpansion von vier Phyllonorycter-Arten in Europa (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Hymenoptera). - Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin 67(1):177–194. 180
Eulophidae Sympiesis gordius United Kingdom Godfray, H. C. J., Agassiz, D. J. L., Nash, D. R. & Lawton, J. H. 1995. The recruitment of parasitoid species to two invading herbivores. - Journal of Animal Ecology 64(3):393–402. 395
Eulophidae Sympiesis gregori United Kingdom Gröbler, B. C. & Lewis, O. T. 2008. Response of the native parasitoids to a range-expanding host. - Ecological Entomology 33(4):453–463. 458
Eulophidae Sympiesis sericeicornis Germany Mey, W. 1991. Über die Bedeutung autochthoner Parasitoidenkomplexe bei der rezenten Arealexpansion von vier Phyllonorycter-Arten in Europa (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Hymenoptera). - Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin 67(1):177–194. 180
Eulophidae Sympiesis sericeicornis United Kingdom Godfray, H. C. J., Agassiz, D. J. L., Nash, D. R. & Lawton, J. H. 1995. The recruitment of parasitoid species to two invading herbivores. - Journal of Animal Ecology 64(3):393–402. 395
Eulophidae Sympiesis xanthostoma United Kingdom Gröbler, B. C. & Lewis, O. T. 2008. Response of the native parasitoids to a range-expanding host. - Ecological Entomology 33(4):453–463. 458
Pteromalidae Seladerma tarsale United Kingdom Gröbler, B. C. & Lewis, O. T. 2008. Response of the native parasitoids to a range-expanding host. - Ecological Entomology 33(4):453–463. 458