Phyllonorycter klemannella (Fabricius, 1781)

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SUBFAMILY Lithocolletinae
GENUSPhyllonorycter
SPECIES klemannella
AUTHOR(Fabricius, 1781)
ORIGINAL COMBINATIONT.[inea] Klemannella.
TYPE LOCALITYOriginally described from England, but changed to Germany, Hamburg, Allersdorf/Holst, Wennbutteler Wald by the designation of a neotype.
GEOGRAPHICAL COORDINATES Latitude: 53°33'0" Longitude: 9°59'0"
TYPE SPECIMEN(S) Not stated, Neotype ♂, genitalia slide AD9823, NHMH, designated by Diakonoff (1977: 175).
STATUSSpecies
PUBLICATION Fabricius, J. C. 1781. Species insectorum exhibentes eorum differentias specificas, synonyma autorum, loca natalia, metamorphosin adiectis observationibus, descriptionibus. Tom II. - — 2:1–517.
PAGINATION 304–305, nr. 87

Species pictures

Species Synonyms

NAME AUTHOR STATUS
crocinella (Sorhagen, 1900) Synonym of species

Species Distribution

COUNTRY PROVINCE/STATE PUBLICATION PAGE
Albania   Rebel, H. & Zerny, H. 1931. Wissenschaftliche ergebnisse der im auftrage und mit kosten der akademie der wissenschaften in Wien im jahre 1918 entsendeten expedition nach Nordalbanien. - Denkschriften österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, mathematisch-naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse 103:37–61. 156
Austria   Zeller, P. C. 1846. Die Arten der Blattminierergattung Lithocolletis. - Linnaea Entomologica 1:166–261, pl. I. 245
Belarus   Merzheerskaya, O. I., Litvinova, A. N. & Molchanova, R. V. 1976. Lepidoptera of Belorussia. Catalogue. - — :1–30. 17
Belgium   De Fré, C. 1858. Catalogue des Microlépidoptères de la Belgique. - Annales de la Société entomologique de Belgique 2:45–162. 157
Bosnia and Herzegovina   Skala, H. 1937a. Minen aus Mittel- und Südeuropa (Fortsetzung und Schluss). - Zeitschrift des Österreichischen Entomologen-Vereines 22:10–11, 19–20. 20
Bulgaria   Buszko, J. & Beshkov, S. 2004. A preliminary survey of leafmining moths (Insecta: Lepidopetra: Microlepidoptera) of the Bulgarian part of Eastern Rhodopes. In: Beron, P. & Popov, A. (Eds.), Biodiversity of Bulgaria. 2. Biodiversity of Eastern Rhodopes (Bulgaria and Greece). - — :723–733. 730
Croatia   Mann, J. 1867a. Schmetterlinge gesammelt im J. 1866 um Josefsthal in der croat. Militärgrenze. - Verhandlungen der kaiserlich-königlichen zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 17:63–76, pl. 9. 74
Czech Republic   Nickerl, O. 1894. Catalogus insectorum faunae bohemicae III. Die Kleinschmetterlinge (Microlepidoptera) Böhmens. - — :i–vi,1–38. 30
Denmark   Larsen, C. S. 1916. Fortegnelse over Danmarks Microlepidoptera. - Entomologiske Meddelelser 11:28–319. 222
Estonia   Nolcken, J. H. W. 1870. Lepidopterologische Fauna von Estland, Livland und Kurland. Microlepidoptera. Heft. IV. - Arbeiten des Naturforschervereins zu Riga, Neue Folge 2–4:1–849. 737
Finland   Tengström, J. M. J. 1869. Catalogus Lepidopterorum Faunae Fennicae praecursorius. - Notiser ur Sallskapets pro Fauna et Flora Fennica Förhandlingar 10:287–370. 353
France   Duponchel, P. A. J. 1845. Catalogue méthodique des Lépidoptères d'Europe distribués en familles, tribus et genres, pour servir de complément et de rectification l'histoire naturelle des lépidoptères de France. - — :1–65. 379
Germany   de Villers, C. J. 1789. Caroli Linnaei entomologia, Fauna Suecicae descriptionibus aucta; D. D. Scopoli, Geoffroy, De Geer, Fabricii, Schrank etc. Tomus secundus. - — :16+656 pp., 6 pls. 507
Hungary   Gozmány, L. A. 1954. The examination of Microlepidoptera coenoses mining on trees. - Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarium Hungaricae 1(1–2):53–67. 63
Italy   Zeller, P. C. 1850b. Verzeichniss der von Herrn Jos. Mann beobachteten Toscanischen Microlepidoptera. - Entomologische Zeitung, Stettin 11(6):195–212. 209
Italy Sardinia Hartig, F. & Amsel, H. G. 1952. Lepidoptera Sardinica. - Fragmenta Entomologica 1 (1951)(1):1–152, 7 pls. 96
Latvia   Lienig, F. 1846. Lepidopterische Fauna von Lievland und Curland. - Isis, oder enzyklopädische Zeitung von Oken (1846)(3–4):175–302. 300
Lithuania   Ivinskis, P. & Pakalniškis, S.Wagner 1984. Microlepidoptera of Lithuania (Gracillariidae). - Lietuvos TSR Mokslu Akademijos darbai 1(85):26–36. 90
Moldova, Republic of   Kuznetzov, V. I. & Baryshnikova, S. V. 1998. Brief catalogue of the mining moths of the fam. Gracillariidae (Lepidoptera) of Russia and adjacent countries. - Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta, Rossijskaya Akademija Nauk 274:1–60. 37
Netherlands   de Graaf, H. W. 1853. Nederlandsche schubvleugelige insekten [Lepidoptera]. –- In: Herklots, J. A. Bouwstoffen voor eene fauna van Nederland. Eerste deel. - — :1–57. 49
Norway   Grønlien, N. 1937. Tillegg til Norges Lepidopterfauna. - Norsk Entomologisk Tidsskrift 5:29–31. 29
Poland   Zeller, P. C. 1839. Versuch einer naturgemässen Eintheilung der Schaben. - Isis, oder enzyklopädische Zeitung von Oken 3:167–220. 218
Portugal   Baeta-Neves, C. M. 1947. Nota sobre a Lithocolletis platani Stgr. (Lepidoptera Gracillariidae), espécie nova para a entomofauna de Portugal. - Arquivos do Museu Bocage, n.s. 16 (1945):85–88. 87
Romania   Caradja, A. 1899. Zusammenstellung der bisher in Rumänien beobachteten Microlepidopteren. - Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift "Iris", Dresden 12:171–218. 214
Russian Federation European Part Kuznetzov, V. I. & Baryshnikova, S. V. 1998. Brief catalogue of the mining moths of the fam. Gracillariidae (Lepidoptera) of Russia and adjacent countries. - Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta, Rossijskaya Akademija Nauk 274:1–60. 37
Serbia   Dobrosavljevic, J., Markovic, C. & Bojic, S. 2017. Overview of leaf miner fauna in Serbia. - — :1490–1498. 1492
Slovakia   Skala, H. 1937a. Minen aus Mittel- und Südeuropa (Fortsetzung und Schluss). - Zeitschrift des Österreichischen Entomologen-Vereines 22:10–11, 19–20. 20
Sweden   Wallengren, H. J. D. 1883. Skandinaviens arter af tineidgruppen Lithocolletidae (Staint). - Entomologisk Tidskrift 4:195–212. 209
Switzerland   Frey, H. 1880. Die Lepidopteren der Schweiz. - — :1–454. 416
Turkey   Mann, J. 1862. Verzeichniss der im Jahre 1851 bei Brussa in Kleinasien gesammelten Schmetterlinge. - Wiener entomologische Monatschrift 12(6):356-409, 1 pl.. 408
Ukraine   Kuznetzov, V. I. & Baryshnikova, S. V. 1998. Brief catalogue of the mining moths of the fam. Gracillariidae (Lepidoptera) of Russia and adjacent countries. - Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta, Rossijskaya Akademija Nauk 274:1–60. 37
United Kingdom   Fabricius, J. C. 1781. Species insectorum exhibentes eorum differentias specificas, synonyma autorum, loca natalia, metamorphosin adiectis observationibus, descriptionibus. Tom II. - — 2:1–517. 305

Host Plants

FAMILY SPECIES COUNTRY PUBLICATION PAGE
Betulaceae Alnus alnobetula Austria Skala, H. 1938. Einiges über Falter-Minen aus dem Mediterrangebiet. - Zeitschrift des Österreichischen Entomologen-Vereines 23:8–10, 30–31, 43–46. 119
Betulaceae Alnus cordata United Kingdom Gutzwiller, F., Dedeine, F., Kaiser, W., Giron, D. & Lopez-Vaamonde, C. 2015. Correlation between the green-island phenotype and Wolbachia infections during the evolutionary diversification of Gracillariidae leaf-mining moths. - Ecology and Evolution . suppl. table S1
Betulaceae Alnus glutinosa Poland Nicelli, G. von 1851a. Bericht über Arten der Gattung Lithocolletis nebst bechreibung einiger in Zellers Monographie unerwaehnter Arten dieser Gattung. - Entomologische Zeitung, Stettin 12(2):34–51. 49
Betulaceae Alnus glutinosa Slovakia Hrubý, K. 1964. Prodromus Lepidopterorum Slovaciae. - — :962 pp.. 207
Betulaceae Alnus glutinosa Bulgaria Buszko, J. & Beshkov, S. 2004. A preliminary survey of leafmining moths (Insecta: Lepidopetra: Microlepidoptera) of the Bulgarian part of Eastern Rhodopes. In: Beron, P. & Popov, A. (Eds.), Biodiversity of Bulgaria. 2. Biodiversity of Eastern Rhodopes (Bulgaria and Greece). - — :723–733. 730
Betulaceae Alnus glutinosa Germany Koch, G. 1856. Die Schmetterlinge des südwestlichen Deutschlands, insbesondere der Umgegend von Frankfurt, Nassau und der Hessischen Staaten. - — :1–498. 459
Betulaceae Alnus glutinosa Romania Draghia, I. 1972. Insectes mineurs de l'entomofaune du "Grind" de Caraorman, Delta du Danube. - Travaux du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle "Grigore Antipa" 12:221–228. 223
Betulaceae Alnus glutinosa United Kingdom Meyrick, E. 1927a. A revised handbook of British Lepidoptera. - — :1–914. 781
Betulaceae Alnus glutinosa Switzerland Frey, H. 1880. Die Lepidopteren der Schweiz. - — :1–454. 416
Betulaceae Alnus glutinosa Czech Republic Gregor, F. & Povolný, D. 1950b. The members of Lithocolletis Hb. mining Acer and Alnus. - Folia Entomologica Hungarica / Rovartani Közlemények 13:129–151. 130
Betulaceae Alnus glutinosa Portugal Corley, M. F. V. 2015. Lepidoptera of Continental Portugal. - — :282 pp.. 71
Betulaceae Alnus glutinosa Belgium Dufrane, A. 1960. Microlépidoptères de la faune belge (neuvième note). - Bulletin de l'Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, Biologie 36(29):1–16. 15
Betulaceae Alnus glutinosa France Le Marchand, S. 1932. A propos de quelques Lithocolletis. - L'Amateur de Papillons 6(3):41–48. 45
Betulaceae Alnus glutinosa Netherlands Snellen, P. C. T. 1882. De vlinders van Nederland. Microlepidoptera, systematisch beschreven, 2 vols. - — :i–xiii, 1–1197. 937
Betulaceae Alnus glutinosa Sweden Wallengren, H. J. D. 1883. Skandinaviens arter af tineidgruppen Lithocolletidae (Staint). - Entomologisk Tidskrift 4:195–212. 209
Betulaceae Alnus glutinosa Denmark Larsen, C. S. 1916. Fortegnelse over Danmarks Microlepidoptera. - Entomologiske Meddelelser 11:28–319. 222
Betulaceae Alnus glutinosa Croatia Matoševic, D., Pernek, M., Dubravac, T. & Baric, B. 2009. Research of leafminers on woody plants in Croatia. - Šumarski list 83(7–8):381–390. 385
Betulaceae Alnus glutinosa Albania Gutzwiller, F., Dedeine, F., Kaiser, W., Giron, D. & Lopez-Vaamonde, C. 2015. Correlation between the green-island phenotype and Wolbachia infections during the evolutionary diversification of Gracillariidae leaf-mining moths. - Ecology and Evolution . suppl. table S1
Betulaceae Alnus glutinosa Belgium de Crombrugghe de Picquendaele, G. 1906. Catalogue raisonné des Microlépdoptères de Belgique. - Mémoires de la société entomologique de Belgique 13:1–155. 102
Betulaceae Alnus glutinosa Lithuania Ivinskis, P., Pakalniškis, S. & Puplesis, R. 1985. Augalus minuojantys vabzdziai. - — :1–240. 90
Betulaceae Alnus glutinosa Austria Mitterberger, K. 1909. Verzeichnis der im Kronlande Salzburg bisher beobachteten Mikrolepidopteren. - — :1–358. 298
Betulaceae Alnus incana Austria Deschka, G. 2014b. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Nahrungspflanzen der Raupen der Schmetterlingsgattung Phyllonorycter Hübner, 1822 (Gracillariidae, Lepidoptera). - Linzer biologische Beiträge 46(1):547–548. 547
Betulaceae Alnus incana Netherlands Snellen, P. C. T. 1882. De vlinders van Nederland. Microlepidoptera, systematisch beschreven, 2 vols. - — :i–xiii, 1–1197. 937
Betulaceae Alnus incana subsp. rugosa Austria Deschka, G. 2014b. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Nahrungspflanzen der Raupen der Schmetterlingsgattung Phyllonorycter Hübner, 1822 (Gracillariidae, Lepidoptera). - Linzer biologische Beiträge 46(1):547–548. 547
Betulaceae Alnus sp. Austria Mitterberger, K. 1909. Verzeichnis der im Kronlande Salzburg bisher beobachteten Mikrolepidopteren. - — :1–358. 298
Betulaceae Alnus sp. Italy Hartig, F. & Amsel, H. G. 1952. Lepidoptera Sardinica. - Fragmenta Entomologica 1 (1951)(1):1–152, 7 pls. 96
Betulaceae Alnus sp. Sweden Benander, P. 1944. Sveriges Lithocolletider (Gracilariidae) [sic]. - Opuscula Entomologica 9:79–137. 113
Betulaceae Alnus sp. Germany Eckstein, K. 1933. Die Schmetterlinge Deutschlands mit besonderer Berücksichtigung ihrer Biologie und wirtschaftlichen Bedeutung. 5. Band Die Kleinschmetterlinge Deutschlands. - — :223 pp., 32 colour pls.. 162
Betulaceae Alnus sp. Slovenia Gutzwiller, F., Dedeine, F., Kaiser, W., Giron, D. & Lopez-Vaamonde, C. 2015. Correlation between the green-island phenotype and Wolbachia infections during the evolutionary diversification of Gracillariidae leaf-mining moths. - Ecology and Evolution . suppl. table S1
*   Mine on underside of leaf.

*   The records of Ulmus sp., Fagus sp. and Sambucus nigra (Zeller 1839: 218, De Fré 1858: 157), and of Salix sp. [Salicaceae] (Eckstein 1933: 161) are erroneous. The records on Ulmus sp. [Ulmaceae], Fagus sp. [Fagaceae], and Betula sp. [Betulaceae] (de Crombrugghe de Picquendaele 1906: 102) are erroneous.

Species Parasitoids

FAMILY SPECIES COUNTRY PUBLICATION PAGE
Braconidae Apanteles bicolor Poland Marczak, P. & Buszko, J. 1993. Braconid wasps (Hypneoptera, Braconidae) reared from mining Lepidoptera. - Wiadomosci Entomologiczne 12(4):259–272. 268
Braconidae Apanteles sp. Croatia Matoševic, D. & Melika, G. 2012. Diversity of parasitoid assemblages of native and alien leaf miners in Croatia. - Šumarski list 86(7–8):367–376. 371
Braconidae Apanteles sp. United Kingdom Rott, A. S. & Godfray, H. C. J 2000. The structure of leafminer-parasitoid community. - Journal of Animal Ecology 69(2):274–289. 278
Braconidae Colastes braconius United Kingdom Rott, A. S. & Godfray, H. C. J 2000. The structure of leafminer-parasitoid community. - Journal of Animal Ecology 69(2):274–289. 278
Encyrtidae Ageniaspis nepticulae United Kingdom Rott, A. S. & Godfray, H. C. J 2000. The structure of leafminer-parasitoid community. - Journal of Animal Ecology 69(2):274–289. 278
Eulophidae Achrysocharoides splendens United Kingdom Rott, A. S. & Godfray, H. C. J 2000. The structure of leafminer-parasitoid community. - Journal of Animal Ecology 69(2):274–289. 278
Eulophidae Achrysocharoides splendens Poland Vidal, S. & Buszko, J. 1990. Studies on the mining Lepidoptera of Poland. VIII. Chalcidoid wasps reared from mining Lepidoptera (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea). - Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 60:73–103. 77
Eulophidae Aprostocetus sp. Croatia Matoševic, D. & Melika, G. 2012. Diversity of parasitoid assemblages of native and alien leaf miners in Croatia. - Šumarski list 86(7–8):367–376. 370
Eulophidae Chrysocharis laomedon United Kingdom Rott, A. S. & Godfray, H. C. J 2000. The structure of leafminer-parasitoid community. - Journal of Animal Ecology 69(2):274–289. 278
Eulophidae Chrysocharis pentheus Croatia Matoševic, D. & Melika, G. 2012. Diversity of parasitoid assemblages of native and alien leaf miners in Croatia. - Šumarski list 86(7–8):367–376. 370
Eulophidae Cirrospilus diallus Poland Górny, S. 1979. Parasitic Hymenoptera on black alder, Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn., near Ostróda, Poland. - Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 49:305–369. 345
Eulophidae Cirrospilus lyncus Croatia Matoševic, D. & Melika, G. 2012. Diversity of parasitoid assemblages of native and alien leaf miners in Croatia. - Šumarski list 86(7–8):367–376. 370
Eulophidae Cirrospilus viticola Poland Górny, S. 1979. Parasitic Hymenoptera on black alder, Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn., near Ostróda, Poland. - Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 49:305–369. 346
Eulophidae Closterocerus sp. Croatia Matoševic, D. & Melika, G. 2012. Diversity of parasitoid assemblages of native and alien leaf miners in Croatia. - Šumarski list 86(7–8):367–376. 370
Eulophidae Minotetrastichus frontalis Croatia Matoševic, D. & Melika, G. 2012. Diversity of parasitoid assemblages of native and alien leaf miners in Croatia. - Šumarski list 86(7–8):367–376. 370
Eulophidae Pediobius alcaeus Poland Vidal, S. & Buszko, J. 1990. Studies on the mining Lepidoptera of Poland. VIII. Chalcidoid wasps reared from mining Lepidoptera (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea). - Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 60:73–103. 90
Eulophidae Pediobius alcaeus United Kingdom Shaw, M. R. & Askew, R. R. 1999. Reproductive variability in Pediobius alcaeus (Walker) (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), a parasitoid of Phyllonorycter (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Journal of Hymenoptera Research 8(2):127–131. 128
Eulophidae Pediobius saulius Croatia Matoševic, D. & Melika, G. 2012. Diversity of parasitoid assemblages of native and alien leaf miners in Croatia. - Šumarski list 86(7–8):367–376. 370
Eulophidae Pediobius saulius United Kingdom Rott, A. S. & Godfray, H. C. J 2000. The structure of leafminer-parasitoid community. - Journal of Animal Ecology 69(2):274–289. 278
Eulophidae Pnigalio pectinicornis Croatia Matoševic, D. & Melika, G. 2012. Diversity of parasitoid assemblages of native and alien leaf miners in Croatia. - Šumarski list 86(7–8):367–376. 370
Eulophidae Pnigalio pectinicornis United Kingdom Rott, A. S. & Godfray, H. C. J 2000. The structure of leafminer-parasitoid community. - Journal of Animal Ecology 69(2):274–289. 278
Eulophidae Pnigalio sp. Croatia Matoševic, D. & Melika, G. 2012. Diversity of parasitoid assemblages of native and alien leaf miners in Croatia. - Šumarski list 86(7–8):367–376. 370
Eulophidae Sympiesis gordius United Kingdom Rott, A. S. & Godfray, H. C. J 2000. The structure of leafminer-parasitoid community. - Journal of Animal Ecology 69(2):274–289. 278
Eulophidae Sympiesis gordius Poland Górny, S. 1979. Parasitic Hymenoptera on black alder, Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn., near Ostróda, Poland. - Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 49:305–369. 347
Eulophidae Sympiesis sericeicornis United Kingdom Rott, A. S. & Godfray, H. C. J 2000. The structure of leafminer-parasitoid community. - Journal of Animal Ecology 69(2):274–289. 278
Eulophidae Sympiesis sericeicornis Croatia Matoševic, D. & Melika, G. 2012. Diversity of parasitoid assemblages of native and alien leaf miners in Croatia. - Šumarski list 86(7–8):367–376. 370
Eulophidae Sympiesis sp. Croatia Matoševic, D. & Melika, G. 2012. Diversity of parasitoid assemblages of native and alien leaf miners in Croatia. - Šumarski list 86(7–8):367–376. 370
Eulophidae Tetrastichus sp. Germany Soffner, J. 1955. Kleinschmetterlinge der Umgebung Stassfurts. - Abhandlungen und Berichte Naturkunde Vorgeschichte Magdeburg 9(4):153–180. 174
Ichneumonidae Ephialtes nucum Germany Soffner, J. 1955. Kleinschmetterlinge der Umgebung Stassfurts. - Abhandlungen und Berichte Naturkunde Vorgeschichte Magdeburg 9(4):153–180. 174
Ichneumonidae Gelis sp. Croatia Matoševic, D. & Melika, G. 2012. Diversity of parasitoid assemblages of native and alien leaf miners in Croatia. - Šumarski list 86(7–8):367–376. 371
Ichneumonidae Scambus annulatus Poland Górny, S. 1979. Parasitic Hymenoptera on black alder, Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn., near Ostróda, Poland. - Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 49:305–369. 308
Ichneumonidae Scambus calobatus Poland Górny, S. 1979. Parasitic Hymenoptera on black alder, Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn., near Ostróda, Poland. - Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 49:305–369. 307