Phyllonorycter elmaella Doğanlar & Mutuura, 1980

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SUBFAMILY Lithocolletinae
GENUSPhyllonorycter
SPECIES elmaella
AUTHORDoğanlar & Mutuura, 1980
ORIGINAL COMBINATIONPhyllonorycter elmaella n. sp.
TYPE LOCALITYCanada, B.[ritish] C.[olumbia], [Vancouver District], Burnaby.
GEOGRAPHICAL COORDINATES /
TYPE SPECIMEN(S) Holotype ♂, genitalia slide MIC2094, CNC; Allotype ♀, genitalia slide JFL1091, CNC; Paratypes 3♂ and 8♀, CNC (see Landry & Wagner 1995: 619).
STATUSSpecies
COMMENTTreated as a synonym of Phyllonorycter mespilella by Cossentine & Jensen (1994: 47).
PUBLICATION Doganlar, M. & Mutuura, A. 1980. A new species of Phyllonorycter Hbn. (=Lithocolletis Hbn.) (Lepidoptera: Gracilariidae [sic]) from western North America. - Canadian Entomologist 112(3):311–314.
PAGINATION 311–314, figs. 1, 3, 5, 6B

Species Distribution

COUNTRY PROVINCE/STATE PUBLICATION PAGE
Canada British Columbia Doganlar, M. & Mutuura, A. 1980. A new species of Phyllonorycter Hbn. (=Lithocolletis Hbn.) (Lepidoptera: Gracilariidae [sic]) from western North America. - Canadian Entomologist 112(3):311–314. 313
United States, US Oregon Shearer, P. W., Varela, L. G., Riedl, H., Welter, S. C. & Jones, V. P. 1994. Topical pheromone trap assay for monitoring insecticide resistance of Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae). - Journal of Economic Entomology 87(6):1441–1449. 1442
United States, US Washington Barrett, B. A., Brunner, J. F. & Turner, W. J. 1988. Variations in color, size, and thoracic morphology of Pnigalio species (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) parasitizing Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in Utah and Washington. - Annals of the Entomological Society of America 81(3):516–521. 516
United States, US Utah Barrett, B. A. & Jorgensen, C. D. 1986. Parasitoids of the western tentiform leafminer, Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae), in Utah apple orchards. - Environmental Entomology 15(3):635–641. 635

Host Plants

FAMILY SPECIES COUNTRY PUBLICATION PAGE
Rosaceae Crataegus sp. U.S.A. Landry, J.-F. & Wagner, D. L. 1995. Taxonomic review of apple-feeding species of Phyllonorycter Hübner (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae) in North America. - Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 97(3):603–625. 619
Rosaceae Malus communis Canada Doganlar, M. & Mutuura, A. 1980. A new species of Phyllonorycter Hbn. (=Lithocolletis Hbn.) (Lepidoptera: Gracilariidae [sic]) from western North America. - Canadian Entomologist 112(3):311–314. 313
Rosaceae Malus domestica U.S.A. Shearer, P. W., Varela, L. G., Riedl, H., Welter, S. C. & Jones, V. P. 1994. Topical pheromone trap assay for monitoring insecticide resistance of Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae). - Journal of Economic Entomology 87(6):1441–1449. 1442
Rosaceae Malus pumila Canada Eiseman, C. S. & Davis, D. R. 2017. A new species of Macrosaccus (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae: Lithocolletinae) from Arizona, USA. - Zootaxa 4358(2):385–392. 390
Rosaceae Malus pumila   Robinson, G. S., Ackery, P. R., Kitching, I. J., Beccaloni, G. W. & Hernández, L. M. 2002. Hostplants of the moth and butterfly caterpillars of America North of Mexico. - Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 69:1–824. 355
Rosaceae Malus sp. U.S.A. Barrett, B. A. & Jorgensen, C. D. 1986. Parasitoids of the western tentiform leafminer, Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae), in Utah apple orchards. - Environmental Entomology 15(3):635–641. 635
Rosaceae Malus sp. Canada Kamijo, K. 1991. Revision of North American Achrysocharoides (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae). - Akitu, N. S. 124:1–34.  
Rosaceae Malus sylvestris   Robinson, G. S., Ackery, P. R., Kitching, I. J., Beccaloni, G. W. & Hernández, L. M. 2002. Hostplants of the moth and butterfly caterpillars of America North of Mexico. - Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 69:1–824. 355
Rosaceae Prunus avium U.S.A. Shearer, P. W., Varela, L. G., Riedl, H., Welter, S. C. & Jones, V. P. 1994. Topical pheromone trap assay for monitoring insecticide resistance of Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae). - Journal of Economic Entomology 87(6):1441–1449. 1442

Species Parasitoids

FAMILY SPECIES COUNTRY PUBLICATION PAGE
Braconidae Apanteles longicauda Canada Doganlar, M. & Beirne, B. P. 1980. Parasites of Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracilariidae [sic]) on apple in the Vancouver district, British Columbia. - Canadian Entomologist 112(3):314. 314
Eulophidae Achrysocharoides zwoelferi Canada Doganlar, M. & Beirne, B. P. 1980. Parasites of Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracilariidae [sic]) on apple in the Vancouver district, British Columbia. - Canadian Entomologist 112(3):314. 314
Eulophidae Chrysocharis elmaellae Canada Doganlar, M. 1980. Two new species of Chrysocharis Foerster and a new synonymy and record of Sympiesis Foerster (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea; Eulophidae) from western Canada. - Türkiye Bitki Koruma Dergisi 4(2):119–129. 125
Eulophidae Chrysocharis laomedon Canada Doganlar, M. & Beirne, B. P. 1980. Parasites of Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracilariidae [sic]) on apple in the Vancouver district, British Columbia. - Canadian Entomologist 112(3):314. 314
Eulophidae Chrysocharis sp. Canada Doganlar, M. & Beirne, B. P. 1980. Parasites of Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracilariidae [sic]) on apple in the Vancouver district, British Columbia. - Canadian Entomologist 112(3):314. 314
Eulophidae Chrysocharis walleyi Canada Doganlar, M. & Beirne, B. P. 1980. Parasites of Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracilariidae [sic]) on apple in the Vancouver district, British Columbia. - Canadian Entomologist 112(3):314. 314
Eulophidae Chrysocharis yoshimotoi Canada Doganlar, M. 1980. Two new species of Chrysocharis Foerster and a new synonymy and record of Sympiesis Foerster (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea; Eulophidae) from western Canada. - Türkiye Bitki Koruma Dergisi 4(2):119–129. 121
Eulophidae Cirrospilus vittatus U.S.A. Barrett, B. A. & Jorgensen, C. D. 1986. Parasitoids of the western tentiform leafminer, Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae), in Utah apple orchards. - Environmental Entomology 15(3):635–641. 638
Eulophidae Pediobius alcaeus Canada Doganlar, M. & Beirne, B. P. 1980. Parasites of Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracilariidae [sic]) on apple in the Vancouver district, British Columbia. - Canadian Entomologist 112(3):314. 314
Eulophidae Pnigalio minio U.S.A. Barrett, B. A. & Jorgensen, C. D. 1986. Parasitoids of the western tentiform leafminer, Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae), in Utah apple orchards. - Environmental Entomology 15(3):635–641. 638
Eulophidae Pnigalio minio Canada Barrett, B. A. & Brunner, J. F. 1990a. Fecundity, longevity, and developmental rates of Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) and its major parasitoid, Pnigalio flavipes (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae). - Melanderia 46 (1988):29–35. 30
Eulophidae Pnigalio sp. U.S.A. Barrett, B. A. & Jorgensen, C. D. 1986. Parasitoids of the western tentiform leafminer, Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae), in Utah apple orchards. - Environmental Entomology 15(3):635–641. 638
Eulophidae Sympiesis bimaculatipennis Canada Doganlar, M. & Beirne, B. P. 1980. Parasites of Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracilariidae [sic]) on apple in the Vancouver district, British Columbia. - Canadian Entomologist 112(3):314. 314
Eulophidae Sympiesis gordius Canada Doganlar, M. 1980. Two new species of Chrysocharis Foerster and a new synonymy and record of Sympiesis Foerster (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea; Eulophidae) from western Canada. - Türkiye Bitki Koruma Dergisi 4(2):119–129. 128
Eulophidae Sympiesis marylandensis U.S.A. Barrett, B. A. & Jorgensen, C. D. 1986. Parasitoids of the western tentiform leafminer, Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae), in Utah apple orchards. - Environmental Entomology 15(3):635–641. 638
Eulophidae Sympiesis sericeicornis Canada Doganlar, M. & Beirne, B. P. 1980. Parasites of Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracilariidae [sic]) on apple in the Vancouver district, British Columbia. - Canadian Entomologist 112(3):314. 314
Eulophidae Sympiesis sp. U.S.A. Barrett, B. A. & Jorgensen, C. D. 1986. Parasitoids of the western tentiform leafminer, Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae), in Utah apple orchards. - Environmental Entomology 15(3):635–641. 638
Eulophidae Sympiesis yuekseli Canada Doganlar, M. & Beirne, B. P. 1980. Parasites of Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracilariidae [sic]) on apple in the Vancouver district, British Columbia. - Canadian Entomologist 112(3):314. 314
Eulophidae Zagrammosoma mirum U.S.A. LaSalle, J. 1989. Notes on the genus Zagrammosoma (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) with description of a new species. - Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 91(2):230–236. 234
Ichneumonidae Triclistus emarginatus Canada Doganlar, M. & Beirne, B. P. 1980. Parasites of Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracilariidae [sic]) on apple in the Vancouver district, British Columbia. - Canadian Entomologist 112(3):314. 314
Pteromalidae Pteromalus sp. Canada Doganlar, M. & Beirne, B. P. 1980. Parasites of Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracilariidae [sic]) on apple in the Vancouver district, British Columbia. - Canadian Entomologist 112(3):314. 314
Pteromalidae Pteromalus sp. U.S.A. Barrett, B. A. & Jorgensen, C. D. 1986. Parasitoids of the western tentiform leafminer, Phyllonorycter elmaella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae), in Utah apple orchards. - Environmental Entomology 15(3):635–641. 638