Phyllonorycter apparella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1855)

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SUBFAMILY Lithocolletinae
GENUSPhyllonorycter
SPECIES apparella
AUTHOR(Herrich-Schäffer, 1855)
ORIGINAL COMBINATION[Lithocolletis] Apparella m.
TYPE LOCALITY[Germany], Frankfurt-am-Main.
GEOGRAPHICAL COORDINATES /
TYPE SPECIMEN(S) Not stated, "Die Raupen häufig" [caterpillars common].
STATUSSpecies
PUBLICATION Herrich-Schäffer, G. A. W. 1855. Systematische Bearbeitung der Schmetterlinge von Europa zugleich als Text, Revision und Supplement zu Jakob Hübner's Sammlung europäischer Schmetterlinge. 5. Die Schaben und Federmotten. - — :1–394.
PAGINATION 334, nr. 1052, figs. 804–805

Species pictures

Species Synonyms

NAME AUTHOR STATUS
atomariella (Zeller, 1875) Synonym of species
ontario (Freeman, 1970) Synonym of species
tremuloidiella (Braun, 1908) Synonym of species

Species Distribution

COUNTRY PROVINCE/STATE PUBLICATION PAGE
Austria   Knitschke, A. 1927. Über das Genus Lithocolletis. - Zeitschrift des Österreichischen Entomologen-Vereines 12(10):95–98. 97
Belarus   Kuznetzov, V. I. & Baryshnikova, S. V. 1998. Brief catalogue of the mining moths of the fam. Gracillariidae (Lepidoptera) of Russia and adjacent countries. - Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta, Rossijskaya Akademija Nauk 274:1–60. 30
Belgium   De Fré, C. 1860. Lépidoptères nouvellement découverts en Belgique. - Annales de la Société entomologique de Belgique 4:113–115. 115
Canada British Columbia Braun, A. F. 1908a. New species of Lithocolletis. - Entomological News 19:99–107. 103
Canada Manitoba Pohl, G. R., Landry, J.-F., Schmidt, B. C., Lafontaine, J. D., Troubridge, J. T., Macaulay, A. D., van Nieukerken, E. J., DeWaard, J. R., Dombroskie, J. J., Klymko, J., Nazari, V. & Stead, K. 2018. Annotated checklist of the moths and butterflies (Lepidoptera) of Canada and Alaska. - — :1–580. 52
Canada Alberta Davis, D. R. & Deschka, G. 2001. Biology and systematics of the North American Phyllonorycter leafminers on Salicaceae, with a synoptic catalog of the Palearctic species (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (614):1–89. 13
Canada Yukon Territory Pohl, G. R., Landry, J.-F., Schmidt, B. C., Lafontaine, J. D., Troubridge, J. T., Macaulay, A. D., van Nieukerken, E. J., DeWaard, J. R., Dombroskie, J. J., Klymko, J., Nazari, V. & Stead, K. 2018. Annotated checklist of the moths and butterflies (Lepidoptera) of Canada and Alaska. - — :1–580. 52
Canada Saskatchewan Pohl, G. R., Landry, J.-F., Schmidt, B. C., Lafontaine, J. D., Troubridge, J. T., Macaulay, A. D., van Nieukerken, E. J., DeWaard, J. R., Dombroskie, J. J., Klymko, J., Nazari, V. & Stead, K. 2018. Annotated checklist of the moths and butterflies (Lepidoptera) of Canada and Alaska. - — :1–580. 52
Canada Quebec Handfield, L. 1997. Liste des Lépidoptères du Québec et du Labrador. - Fabreries 7(Supplément):1–155. 31 (as ontario)
Canada Ontario Freeman, T. N. 1970b. Canadian species of Lithocolletis feeding on Salix and Populus (Gracillariidae). - Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 24(4):272–281. 274
Canada Nova Scotia Pohl, G. R., Landry, J.-F., Schmidt, B. C., Lafontaine, J. D., Troubridge, J. T., Macaulay, A. D., van Nieukerken, E. J., DeWaard, J. R., Dombroskie, J. J., Klymko, J., Nazari, V. & Stead, K. 2018. Annotated checklist of the moths and butterflies (Lepidoptera) of Canada and Alaska. - — :1–580. 52
Czech Republic   Sterneck, J. & Zimmermann, F. 1933. Prodromus der Schmetterlingsfauna Böhmens. II. Teil: Microlepidoptera. - — :168 pages.  
Denmark   Buhl, O., Karsholt, O., Larsen, K., Eivind, P. & Schnack, K. 1984. Fund af småsommerfugle fra Danmark i 1983 (Lepidoptera). - Entomologiske Meddelelser 52:1–21. 6
Estonia   Petersen, W. 1927. Die Blattminierergattungen Lithocolletis u. Nepticula (Lep.). - Entomologische Zeitung, Stettin 88(2):113–174. 172
Finland   Kyrki, J. 1978. Suomen pikkuperhosten levinneisyys. I. Luonnontietsellisten maakuntien lajisto (Lepidoptera: Micropterigidae – Pterophoridae). - Notulae Entomologicae 58:37–67. 45
France   Le Marchand, S. 1936. Clé ou table analytique pour la détermination des espèces françaises de Lithocolletis (Famille des Gracilariidae [sic]). - L'Amateur de Papillons 8(6–8):83–118. 114
Germany   Herrich-Schäffer, G. A. W. 1855. Systematische Bearbeitung der Schmetterlinge von Europa zugleich als Text, Revision und Supplement zu Jakob Hübner's Sammlung europäischer Schmetterlinge. 5. Die Schaben und Federmotten. - — :1–394. 334
Hungary   Szöcs, J. 1971. A lepkehernyók természetes tápnövényei, II. - Folia Entomologica Hungarica / Rovartani Közlemények 24(39):443–463. 453
Italy   Hartig, F. 1956. Prodromus dei Microlepidotteri della Venezia Tridentina e delle regioni adiacenti. - Studi Trentini di Scienze Naturali, Rivista del "Museo di Storia Naturale della Venezia Tridentina" 33(1–3):89–148. 138
Kazakhstan   Puplesis, R., Diskus, A., Noreika, R. & Saparmamedova, N. 1996. Revised check-list of mining Lepidoptera (Nepticuloidea, Tischerioidea and Gracillarioidea) from Central Asia. - Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 139(2):191–200. 196
Latvia   Sulcs, A. & Sulcs, I. 1983. Neue und wenig bekannte Arten der Lepidopteran-Fauna Letlands 9. Mitteilung. - Notulae Entomologicae 63:37–48. 38
Lithuania   Ivinskis, P. & Pakalniškis, S.Wagner 1984. Microlepidoptera of Lithuania (Gracillariidae). - Lietuvos TSR Mokslu Akademijos darbai 1(85):26–36. 28
Netherlands   van Dijken, K. 2016. Een schijnbaar nieuwe Phyllonorycter voor Nederland uit het Beijumerbos. - Franje 19(37):7–8. 8
Norway   Svensson, I. 1975. Anmärkingsvärda fynd av Microlepidoptera i Sverige 1974. - Entomologisk Tidskrift 96:140–146. 141
Poland   Stöckl, A. 1922. Seltenere und neue Lepidopteren gesammelt in Jahren 1911–1921 in der Umgegend von Lemberg, Janów, Mikuliczyn und Worochta. – III. Teil. - Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 1(2):48–73. 72
Russian Federation West Siberia Akulov, E. N., Kirichenko, N. I. & Ponomarenko, M. G. 2018. Contribution to the Microlepidoptera fauna of the south of the Krasnoyarsk Territory and the Republic of Khakassia. - Entomological Review 97(1):110–146. 123
Russian Federation European Part Kuznetzov, V. I. & Baryshnikova, S. V. 1998. Brief catalogue of the mining moths of the fam. Gracillariidae (Lepidoptera) of Russia and adjacent countries. - Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta, Rossijskaya Akademija Nauk 274:1–60. 30
Russian Federation Central Asia (Siberia) Kuznetzov, V. I. & Baryshnikova, S. V. 1998. Brief catalogue of the mining moths of the fam. Gracillariidae (Lepidoptera) of Russia and adjacent countries. - Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta, Rossijskaya Akademija Nauk 274:1–60. 30
Russian Federation Far East Kuznetzov, V. I. & Baryshnikova, S. V. 1998. Brief catalogue of the mining moths of the fam. Gracillariidae (Lepidoptera) of Russia and adjacent countries. - Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta, Rossijskaya Akademija Nauk 274:1–60. 30
Slovakia   Hrubý, K. 1964. Prodromus Lepidopterorum Slovaciae. - — :962 pp.. 209
Sweden   Krogerus, H., Opheim, M., von Schantz, M., Svensson, I. & Wolff, N. L. 1971. Catalogus Lepidopterorum Fenniae et Scandinaviae. Microlepidoptera. - — :1–40. 25
Switzerland   Davis, D. R. & Deschka, G. 2001. Biology and systematics of the North American Phyllonorycter leafminers on Salicaceae, with a synoptic catalog of the Palearctic species (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (614):1–89. 55
Turkey   Tozlu, G. 2001. Determination of the harmful insects on trembling aspen (Populus tremula L.) and studies on the biology of some important species in Sarikamis (Kars) district. - Türkiye Entomoloji Dergisi 25(2):133–146. 113
Ukraine   Kuznetzov, V. I. 1999. Insects and mites: pests of agricultural plants. Volume 3. Lepidoptera. Part 2. - — :[Chapter pagination: 9–45]. 30
United Kingdom   Riddiford, N. J. & Young, M. R. 2016. Phyllonorycter apparella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1855) (Lep.: Gracillariidae) new to the British Isles from Fair Isle. - Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 128(1):19–22. 19
United States, US Vermont Grehan, J. R., Parker, B. L., Nielsen, G. R., Miller, D. H., Hedbor, J. D., Sabourin, M. & Griggs, M. S. 1995. Moths and butterflies of Vermont (Lepidoptera). A faunal checklist. - — :i–xi, 1–95. 6
United States, US Virginia Davis, D. R. & Deschka, G. 2001. Biology and systematics of the North American Phyllonorycter leafminers on Salicaceae, with a synoptic catalog of the Palearctic species (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (614):1–89. 19
United States, US Alaska Davis, D. R. & Deschka, G. 2001. Biology and systematics of the North American Phyllonorycter leafminers on Salicaceae, with a synoptic catalog of the Palearctic species (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (614):1–89. 19
United States, US Texas Hagen, H. A. 1884. The types of Tineina in the collection of the museum in Cambridge, Mass. - Papilio 4(9–10):96–99, 151–154. 151
United States, US Wisconsin Kopper, B. J. & Lindroth, R. L. 2003. Responses of trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides) phytochemistry and aspen blotch leafminer (Phyllonorycter tremuloidiella) performance to elevated levels of atmospheric CO2 and O3. - Agricultural and Forest Entomology 5(1):17–26. 17 (as tremuloidiella)
United States, US Maine Brower, A. E. 1984. A List of the Lepidoptera of Maine, Part 2: The Microlepidoptera, Section 2; Cosmopterigidae through Hepialidae. - — 114:i–x, 1–70. 41
United States, US Colorado Davis, D. R. & Deschka, G. 2001. Biology and systematics of the North American Phyllonorycter leafminers on Salicaceae, with a synoptic catalog of the Palearctic species (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (614):1–89. 19
United States, US Connecticut Maier, C. T. 1988c. Gracillariid hosts of Sympiesis marylandensis (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) in New England. - Annals of the Entomological Society of America 81(5):728–732. 731 (as tremuloidiella)
United States, US Maryland Davis, D. R. & Deschka, G. 2001. Biology and systematics of the North American Phyllonorycter leafminers on Salicaceae, with a synoptic catalog of the Palearctic species (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (614):1–89. 19
United States, US Massachusetts Zeller, P. C. 1875. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der nordamericanischen Nachtfalter, besonders der Microlepidopteren. Dritte Abtheilung. - Verhandlungen der zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 25:205–360, pls. 8–10. 351 (as texanella)
United States, US Minnesota Davis, D. R. & Deschka, G. 2001. Biology and systematics of the North American Phyllonorycter leafminers on Salicaceae, with a synoptic catalog of the Palearctic species (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (614):1–89. 19

Notes:  This species has often been misidentified as P. salicifoliella (Chambers) (Davis and Deschka 2001). The distribution record from Prince Edward Island, Canada is a database error (Lafontaine et al. 2001) but it is expected there.

Host Plants

FAMILY SPECIES COUNTRY PUBLICATION PAGE
Salicaceae Populus alba Slovakia Kollar, J. & Hrubik, P. 2009. The mining species on woody plants of urban environments in the west Slovak area. - Acta Entomologica Serbica 14(1):83-91. 85
Salicaceae Populus alba Austria Knitschke, A. 1927. Über das Genus Lithocolletis. - Zeitschrift des Österreichischen Entomologen-Vereines 12(10):95–98. 97
Salicaceae Populus balsamifera U.S.A. Davis, D. R. & Deschka, G. 2001. Biology and systematics of the North American Phyllonorycter leafminers on Salicaceae, with a synoptic catalog of the Palearctic species (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (614):1–89. 13
Salicaceae Populus canescens North America Davis, D. R. & Deschka, G. 2001. Biology and systematics of the North American Phyllonorycter leafminers on Salicaceae, with a synoptic catalog of the Palearctic species (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (614):1–89. 13
Salicaceae Populus deltoides U.S.A. Davis, D. R. & Deschka, G. 2001. Biology and systematics of the North American Phyllonorycter leafminers on Salicaceae, with a synoptic catalog of the Palearctic species (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (614):1–89. 19
Salicaceae Populus grandidentata U.S.A. Hagen, H. A. 1884. The types of Tineina in the collection of the museum in Cambridge, Mass. - Papilio 4(9–10):96–99, 151–154. 151
Salicaceae Populus grandidentata Canada Freeman, T. N. 1970a. A new species of Cameraria on bur oak in Manitoba (Gracillaridae) [sic]. - Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 24(2):86–87. 275
Salicaceae Populus nigra Italy Hartig, F. 1956. Prodromus dei Microlepidotteri della Venezia Tridentina e delle regioni adiacenti. - Studi Trentini di Scienze Naturali, Rivista del "Museo di Storia Naturale della Venezia Tridentina" 33(1–3):89–148. 193
Salicaceae Populus nigra Germany Disqué, H. 1901b. Verzeichniss der in der Pfalz vorkommenden, aber bisher noch nicht bei Speyer aufgefundenen Kleinschmetterlinge. - Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift "Iris", Dresden 14:229–250. 247
Salicaceae Populus nigra Austria Knitschke, A. 1927. Über das Genus Lithocolletis. - Zeitschrift des Österreichischen Entomologen-Vereines 12(10):95–98. 97
Salicaceae Populus nigra France Le Marchand, S. 1936. Clé ou table analytique pour la détermination des espèces françaises de Lithocolletis (Famille des Gracilariidae [sic]). - L'Amateur de Papillons 8(6–8):83–118. 114
Salicaceae Populus nigra Slovakia Kollar, J. & Hrubik, P. 2009. The mining species on woody plants of urban environments in the west Slovak area. - Acta Entomologica Serbica 14(1):83-91. 85
Salicaceae Populus nigra Belgium de Crombrugghe de Picquendaele, G. 1906. Catalogue raisonné des Microlépdoptères de Belgique. - Mémoires de la société entomologique de Belgique 13:1–155. 104
Salicaceae Populus nigra var. italica Europe Kuznetzov, V. I. & Baryshnikova, S. V. 1998. Brief catalogue of the mining moths of the fam. Gracillariidae (Lepidoptera) of Russia and adjacent countries. - Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta, Rossijskaya Akademija Nauk 274:1–60. 30
Salicaceae Populus sp. Slovakia Hrubý, K. 1964. Prodromus Lepidopterorum Slovaciae. - — :962 pp.. 209
Salicaceae Populus sp. Canada Braun, A. F. 1908a. New species of Lithocolletis. - Entomological News 19:99–107. 103
Salicaceae Populus sp. Belgium De Fré, C. 1860. Lépidoptères nouvellement découverts en Belgique. - Annales de la Société entomologique de Belgique 4:113–115. 115
Salicaceae Populus sp. Estonia Kesküla, T., Martin, M., Pedmanson, R. & Miller, R. 1996. Records of some Microlepidoptera in Estonia. - Lepidopteroloogiline Informatsioon 10:10–16. 12
Salicaceae Populus sp. Germany Eckstein, K. 1933. Die Schmetterlinge Deutschlands mit besonderer Berücksichtigung ihrer Biologie und wirtschaftlichen Bedeutung. 5. Band Die Kleinschmetterlinge Deutschlands. - — :223 pp., 32 colour pls.. 163
Salicaceae Populus tremula Norway Opheim, M. & Fjeldså, A. 1983. The lepidoptera of Norway. Check -List. Part 5. Tineoidea, Zygaenoidea, Cossoidea and Incurvariina. - — :1–23. 22
Salicaceae Populus tremula Denmark Buhl, O., Karsholt, O., Larsen, K., Eivind, P. & Schnack, K. 1984. Fund af småsommerfugle fra Danmark i 1983 (Lepidoptera). - Entomologiske Meddelelser 52:1–21. 6
Salicaceae Populus tremula Belgium de Crombrugghe de Picquendaele, G. 1906. Catalogue raisonné des Microlépdoptères de Belgique. - Mémoires de la société entomologique de Belgique 13:1–155. 104
Salicaceae Populus tremula Lithuania Ivinskis, P. & Pakalniškis, S.Wagner 1984. Microlepidoptera of Lithuania (Gracillariidae). - Lietuvos TSR Mokslu Akademijos darbai 1(85):26–36. 28
Salicaceae Populus tremula Poland Buszko, J. 1987. Studies of the mining Lepidoptera of Poland. II. New records of some rare species. - Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 57:631–643. 640
Salicaceae Populus tremula Estonia Kesküla, T., Martin, M., Pedmanson, R. & Miller, R. 1996. Records of some Microlepidoptera in Estonia. - Lepidopteroloogiline Informatsioon 10:10–16. 12
Salicaceae Populus tremula Russia Yefremova, Z. A., Krayushkina, A. V. & Mishchenko, A. V. 2009. Parasitoid complexes (Hymenoptera, Eulophidae) of species of the genus Phyllonorycter (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae) in the middle Volga basin. - Zoologicheskij Zhurnal 88(10):1213-1221. 1215
Salicaceae Populus tremula Netherlands van Dijken, K. 2016. Een schijnbaar nieuwe Phyllonorycter voor Nederland uit het Beijumerbos. - Franje 19(37):7–8. 7
Salicaceae Populus tremuloides North America Braun, A. F. 1908a. New species of Lithocolletis. - Entomological News 19:99–107. 103
Salicaceae Populus tremuloides U.S.A. Maier, C. T. 1988c. Gracillariid hosts of Sympiesis marylandensis (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) in New England. - Annals of the Entomological Society of America 81(5):728–732. 731
Salicaceae Populus tremuloides Canada Braun, A. F. 1908b. Revision of the North American species of the genus Lithocolletis Hübner. - Transactions of the American Entomological Society 34(4):269–357, pl. XX–XXIV. 318
Salicaceae Salix alba Estonia Kesküla, T., Martin, M., Pedmanson, R. & Miller, R. 1996. Records of some Microlepidoptera in Estonia. - Lepidopteroloogiline Informatsioon 10:10–16. 12
Salicaceae Salix fragilis Hungary Szöcs, J. 1971. A lepkehernyók természetes tápnövényei, II. - Folia Entomologica Hungarica / Rovartani Közlemények 24(39):443–463. 453
Salicaceae Salix fragilis Poland Stöckl, A. 1922. Seltenere und neue Lepidopteren gesammelt in Jahren 1911–1921 in der Umgegend von Lemberg, Janów, Mikuliczyn und Worochta. – III. Teil. - Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 1(2):48–73. 72
Salicaceae Salix sp. Slovakia Hrubý, K. 1964. Prodromus Lepidopterorum Slovaciae. - — :962 pp.. 209
Salicaceae Salix sp. Germany Disqué, H. 1901b. Verzeichniss der in der Pfalz vorkommenden, aber bisher noch nicht bei Speyer aufgefundenen Kleinschmetterlinge. - Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift "Iris", Dresden 14:229–250. 247
Salicaceae Salix sp. Belgium de Crombrugghe de Picquendaele, G. 1906. Catalogue raisonné des Microlépdoptères de Belgique. - Mémoires de la société entomologique de Belgique 13:1–155. 104
Salicaceae Salix sp. Hungary Szöcs, J. 1981b. Angaben über die minierenden Motten aus Budapest und Umgebung. - Folia Entomologica Hungarica / Rovartani Közlemények 42(2):209–220. 216
*   Blotch mine on the underside of the leaf.

*   The record on Malus domestica (= Pyrus malus) [Rosaceae] (de Crombrugghe de Picquendaele 1906: 104) is erroneous.

Species Parasitoids

FAMILY SPECIES COUNTRY PUBLICATION PAGE
Braconidae Apanteles sp. U.S.A. Davis, D. R. & Deschka, G. 2001. Biology and systematics of the North American Phyllonorycter leafminers on Salicaceae, with a synoptic catalog of the Palearctic species (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (614):1–89. 13
Braconidae Pholetesor ornigis U.S.A. Davis, D. R. & Deschka, G. 2001. Biology and systematics of the North American Phyllonorycter leafminers on Salicaceae, with a synoptic catalog of the Palearctic species (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (614):1–89. 13
Braconidae Pholetesor salicifoliellia U.S.A. Davis, D. R. & Deschka, G. 2001. Biology and systematics of the North American Phyllonorycter leafminers on Salicaceae, with a synoptic catalog of the Palearctic species (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (614):1–89. 13
Eulophidae Achrysocharoides bipunctatus Canada Yoshimoto, C. M. 1977. The North American species of the genus Achrysocharoides (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae). - Canadian Entomologist 109(7):907–930. 911
Eulophidae Achrysocharoides bipunctatus U.S.A. Peck, O. 1963. A catalogue of the Nearctic Chalcidoidea. - Canadian Entomologist Suppl. 30:1–1092. 951
Eulophidae Achrysocharoides splendens Poland Vidal, S. & Buszko, J. 1990. Studies on the mining Lepidoptera of Poland. VIII. Chalcidoid wasps reared from mining Lepidoptera (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea). - Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 60:73–103. 77
Eulophidae Chrysocharis amanus Russia Yefremova, Z.A., Mishchenko, A.V., Egorenkova, E.N., Strakhova, I.S. & Lengesova, N.A. 2011. Eulophidae (Hymenoptera) parasitoids of Phyllonorycter apparella and Phyllonorycter populifoliella (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae), pests of Populus tremula and Populus nigra in Ul'yanovsk Province, Russia. - Entomological Review 91(6):743–749. 745
Eulophidae Chrysocharis eurynota Russia Yefremova, Z.A., Mishchenko, A.V., Egorenkova, E.N., Strakhova, I.S. & Lengesova, N.A. 2011. Eulophidae (Hymenoptera) parasitoids of Phyllonorycter apparella and Phyllonorycter populifoliella (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae), pests of Populus tremula and Populus nigra in Ul'yanovsk Province, Russia. - Entomological Review 91(6):743–749. 745
Eulophidae Chrysocharis laomedon Russia Yefremova, Z. A., Krayushkina, A. V. & Mishchenko, A. V. 2009. Parasitoid complexes (Hymenoptera, Eulophidae) of species of the genus Phyllonorycter (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae) in the middle Volga basin. - Zoologicheskij Zhurnal 88(10):1213-1221. 1216
Eulophidae Chrysocharis nautius Russia Yefremova, Z.A., Mishchenko, A.V., Egorenkova, E.N., Strakhova, I.S. & Lengesova, N.A. 2011. Eulophidae (Hymenoptera) parasitoids of Phyllonorycter apparella and Phyllonorycter populifoliella (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae), pests of Populus tremula and Populus nigra in Ul'yanovsk Province, Russia. - Entomological Review 91(6):743–749. 745
Eulophidae Chrysocharis nephereus Poland Vidal, S. & Buszko, J. 1990. Studies on the mining Lepidoptera of Poland. VIII. Chalcidoid wasps reared from mining Lepidoptera (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea). - Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 60:73–103. 81
Eulophidae Chrysocharis pentheus Russia Yefremova, Z.A., Mishchenko, A.V., Egorenkova, E.N., Strakhova, I.S. & Lengesova, N.A. 2011. Eulophidae (Hymenoptera) parasitoids of Phyllonorycter apparella and Phyllonorycter populifoliella (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae), pests of Populus tremula and Populus nigra in Ul'yanovsk Province, Russia. - Entomological Review 91(6):743–749. 745
Eulophidae Chrysocharis submutica Russia Yefremova, Z.A., Mishchenko, A.V., Egorenkova, E.N., Strakhova, I.S. & Lengesova, N.A. 2011. Eulophidae (Hymenoptera) parasitoids of Phyllonorycter apparella and Phyllonorycter populifoliella (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae), pests of Populus tremula and Populus nigra in Ul'yanovsk Province, Russia. - Entomological Review 91(6):743–749. 745
Eulophidae Chrysocharis viridis Russia Yefremova, Z.A., Mishchenko, A.V., Egorenkova, E.N., Strakhova, I.S. & Lengesova, N.A. 2011. Eulophidae (Hymenoptera) parasitoids of Phyllonorycter apparella and Phyllonorycter populifoliella (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae), pests of Populus tremula and Populus nigra in Ul'yanovsk Province, Russia. - Entomological Review 91(6):743–749. 745
Eulophidae Chrysocharis viticola Russia Yefremova, Z.A., Mishchenko, A.V., Egorenkova, E.N., Strakhova, I.S. & Lengesova, N.A. 2011. Eulophidae (Hymenoptera) parasitoids of Phyllonorycter apparella and Phyllonorycter populifoliella (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae), pests of Populus tremula and Populus nigra in Ul'yanovsk Province, Russia. - Entomological Review 91(6):743–749. 745
Eulophidae Cirrospilus cinctithorax U.S.A. Peck, O. 1963. A catalogue of the Nearctic Chalcidoidea. - Canadian Entomologist Suppl. 30:1–1092. 951
Eulophidae Cirrospilus diallus Russia Yefremova, Z.A., Mishchenko, A.V., Egorenkova, E.N., Strakhova, I.S. & Lengesova, N.A. 2011. Eulophidae (Hymenoptera) parasitoids of Phyllonorycter apparella and Phyllonorycter populifoliella (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae), pests of Populus tremula and Populus nigra in Ul'yanovsk Province, Russia. - Entomological Review 91(6):743–749. 745
Eulophidae Cirrospilus elegantissimus Russia Yefremova, Z.A., Mishchenko, A.V., Egorenkova, E.N., Strakhova, I.S. & Lengesova, N.A. 2011. Eulophidae (Hymenoptera) parasitoids of Phyllonorycter apparella and Phyllonorycter populifoliella (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae), pests of Populus tremula and Populus nigra in Ul'yanovsk Province, Russia. - Entomological Review 91(6):743–749. 745
Eulophidae Cirrospilus elegantissimus Poland Vidal, S. & Buszko, J. 1990. Studies on the mining Lepidoptera of Poland. VIII. Chalcidoid wasps reared from mining Lepidoptera (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea). - Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 60:73–103. 85
Eulophidae Cirrospilus lyncus Russia Yefremova, Z.A., Mishchenko, A.V., Egorenkova, E.N., Strakhova, I.S. & Lengesova, N.A. 2011. Eulophidae (Hymenoptera) parasitoids of Phyllonorycter apparella and Phyllonorycter populifoliella (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae), pests of Populus tremula and Populus nigra in Ul'yanovsk Province, Russia. - Entomological Review 91(6):743–749. 745
Eulophidae Cirrospilus pictus Russia Gokhman, V. E., Yefremova, Z. A. & Yegorenkova, E. N. 2014. Karyotype of parasitic wasps of the family Eulophidae (Hymenoptera) attacking leaf-mining Lepidoptera (Gracillariidae, Gelechiidae). - Cytogenetics 8(1):31–41. 33
Eulophidae Cirrospilus vittatus Russia Yefremova, Z.A., Mishchenko, A.V., Egorenkova, E.N., Strakhova, I.S. & Lengesova, N.A. 2011. Eulophidae (Hymenoptera) parasitoids of Phyllonorycter apparella and Phyllonorycter populifoliella (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae), pests of Populus tremula and Populus nigra in Ul'yanovsk Province, Russia. - Entomological Review 91(6):743–749. 745
Eulophidae Closterocerus tricinctus U.S.A. Davis, D. R. & Deschka, G. 2001. Biology and systematics of the North American Phyllonorycter leafminers on Salicaceae, with a synoptic catalog of the Palearctic species (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (614):1–89. 13
Eulophidae Closterocerus trifasciatus U.S.A. Peck, O. 1963. A catalogue of the Nearctic Chalcidoidea. - Canadian Entomologist Suppl. 30:1–1092. 951
Eulophidae Diaulinopsis arenaria Russia Yefremova, Z. A., Krayushkina, A. V. & Mishchenko, A. V. 2009. Parasitoid complexes (Hymenoptera, Eulophidae) of species of the genus Phyllonorycter (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae) in the middle Volga basin. - Zoologicheskij Zhurnal 88(10):1213-1221. 1216
Eulophidae Horismenus fraternus U.S.A. Davis, D. R. & Deschka, G. 2001. Biology and systematics of the North American Phyllonorycter leafminers on Salicaceae, with a synoptic catalog of the Palearctic species (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (614):1–89. 13
Eulophidae Hyssopus geniculatus Russia Yefremova, Z.A., Mishchenko, A.V., Egorenkova, E.N., Strakhova, I.S. & Lengesova, N.A. 2011. Eulophidae (Hymenoptera) parasitoids of Phyllonorycter apparella and Phyllonorycter populifoliella (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae), pests of Populus tremula and Populus nigra in Ul'yanovsk Province, Russia. - Entomological Review 91(6):743–749. 745
Eulophidae Hyssopus nigritulus Russia Yefremova, Z.A., Mishchenko, A.V., Egorenkova, E.N., Strakhova, I.S. & Lengesova, N.A. 2011. Eulophidae (Hymenoptera) parasitoids of Phyllonorycter apparella and Phyllonorycter populifoliella (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae), pests of Populus tremula and Populus nigra in Ul'yanovsk Province, Russia. - Entomological Review 91(6):743–749. 745
Eulophidae Minotetrastichus frontalis Russia Yefremova, Z.A., Mishchenko, A.V., Egorenkova, E.N., Strakhova, I.S. & Lengesova, N.A. 2011. Eulophidae (Hymenoptera) parasitoids of Phyllonorycter apparella and Phyllonorycter populifoliella (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae), pests of Populus tremula and Populus nigra in Ul'yanovsk Province, Russia. - Entomological Review 91(6):743–749. 745
Eulophidae Pediobius sp. U.S.A. Davis, D. R. & Deschka, G. 2001. Biology and systematics of the North American Phyllonorycter leafminers on Salicaceae, with a synoptic catalog of the Palearctic species (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (614):1–89. 13
Eulophidae Pnigalio agraules Russia Yefremova, Z.A., Mishchenko, A.V., Egorenkova, E.N., Strakhova, I.S. & Lengesova, N.A. 2011. Eulophidae (Hymenoptera) parasitoids of Phyllonorycter apparella and Phyllonorycter populifoliella (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae), pests of Populus tremula and Populus nigra in Ul'yanovsk Province, Russia. - Entomological Review 91(6):743–749. 745
Eulophidae Pnigalio flavipes U.S.A. Davis, D. R. & Deschka, G. 2001. Biology and systematics of the North American Phyllonorycter leafminers on Salicaceae, with a synoptic catalog of the Palearctic species (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (614):1–89. 13
Eulophidae Pnigalio pectinicornis Russia Yefremova, Z.A., Mishchenko, A.V., Egorenkova, E.N., Strakhova, I.S. & Lengesova, N.A. 2011. Eulophidae (Hymenoptera) parasitoids of Phyllonorycter apparella and Phyllonorycter populifoliella (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae), pests of Populus tremula and Populus nigra in Ul'yanovsk Province, Russia. - Entomological Review 91(6):743–749. 745
Eulophidae Pnigalio soemius Russia Yefremova, Z. A., Krayushkina, A. V. & Mishchenko, A. V. 2009. Parasitoid complexes (Hymenoptera, Eulophidae) of species of the genus Phyllonorycter (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae) in the middle Volga basin. - Zoologicheskij Zhurnal 88(10):1213-1221. 1216
Eulophidae Pnigalio sp. U.S.A. Davis, D. R. & Deschka, G. 2001. Biology and systematics of the North American Phyllonorycter leafminers on Salicaceae, with a synoptic catalog of the Palearctic species (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (614):1–89. 13
Eulophidae Sympiesis acalle Russia Yefremova, Z.A., Mishchenko, A.V., Egorenkova, E.N., Strakhova, I.S. & Lengesova, N.A. 2011. Eulophidae (Hymenoptera) parasitoids of Phyllonorycter apparella and Phyllonorycter populifoliella (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae), pests of Populus tremula and Populus nigra in Ul'yanovsk Province, Russia. - Entomological Review 91(6):743–749. 745
Eulophidae Sympiesis conica U.S.A. Davis, D. R. & Deschka, G. 2001. Biology and systematics of the North American Phyllonorycter leafminers on Salicaceae, with a synoptic catalog of the Palearctic species (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (614):1–89. 13
Eulophidae Sympiesis gordius Russia Yefremova, Z.A., Mishchenko, A.V., Egorenkova, E.N., Strakhova, I.S. & Lengesova, N.A. 2011. Eulophidae (Hymenoptera) parasitoids of Phyllonorycter apparella and Phyllonorycter populifoliella (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae), pests of Populus tremula and Populus nigra in Ul'yanovsk Province, Russia. - Entomological Review 91(6):743–749. 745
Eulophidae Sympiesis marylandensis U.S.A. Maier, C. T. 1988c. Gracillariid hosts of Sympiesis marylandensis (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) in New England. - Annals of the Entomological Society of America 81(5):728–732. 731
Eulophidae Sympiesis sericeicornis Russia Yefremova, Z.A., Mishchenko, A.V., Egorenkova, E.N., Strakhova, I.S. & Lengesova, N.A. 2011. Eulophidae (Hymenoptera) parasitoids of Phyllonorycter apparella and Phyllonorycter populifoliella (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae), pests of Populus tremula and Populus nigra in Ul'yanovsk Province, Russia. - Entomological Review 91(6):743–749. 745
Eulophidae Sympiesis sericeicornis Poland Vidal, S. & Buszko, J. 1990. Studies on the mining Lepidoptera of Poland. VIII. Chalcidoid wasps reared from mining Lepidoptera (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea). - Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 60:73–103. 97
Eulophidae Sympiesis sp.   Davis, D. R. & Deschka, G. 2001. Biology and systematics of the North American Phyllonorycter leafminers on Salicaceae, with a synoptic catalog of the Palearctic species (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (614):1–89. 13
Eulophidae Tetrastichus sp. U.S.A. Davis, D. R. & Deschka, G. 2001. Biology and systematics of the North American Phyllonorycter leafminers on Salicaceae, with a synoptic catalog of the Palearctic species (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (614):1–89. 13
Ichneumonidae Alophosternum foliicola U.S.A. Davis, D. R. & Deschka, G. 2001. Biology and systematics of the North American Phyllonorycter leafminers on Salicaceae, with a synoptic catalog of the Palearctic species (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (614):1–89. 13
Ichneumonidae Diadegma sp.   Davis, D. R. & Deschka, G. 2001. Biology and systematics of the North American Phyllonorycter leafminers on Salicaceae, with a synoptic catalog of the Palearctic species (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (614):1–89. 13
Ichneumonidae Scambus decorus   Davis, D. R. & Deschka, G. 2001. Biology and systematics of the North American Phyllonorycter leafminers on Salicaceae, with a synoptic catalog of the Palearctic species (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (614):1–89. 13
Pteromalidae Pteromalus sp. U.S.A. Davis, D. R. & Deschka, G. 2001. Biology and systematics of the North American Phyllonorycter leafminers on Salicaceae, with a synoptic catalog of the Palearctic species (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (614):1–89. 13