Parornix carpinella (Frey, 1863)

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SUBFAMILY Gracillariinae
GENUSParornix
SPECIES carpinella
AUTHOR(Frey, 1863)
ORIGINAL COMBINATIONO.[rnix] carpinella
TYPE LOCALITY[Switzerland], Zurich; [Germany], Breslau.
GEOGRAPHICAL COORDINATES /
TYPE SPECIMEN(S) 4 syntypes (gender not stated).
STATUSSpecies
PUBLICATION Frey, H. 1863. Das Tineengeschlecht Ornix. - Linnaea Entomologica 15:1–41.
PAGINATION 21, footnote

Species pictures

Species Synonyms

NAME AUTHOR STATUS
eppelsheimi (Fuchs, 1901) Synonym of species

Species Distribution

COUNTRY PROVINCE/STATE PUBLICATION PAGE
Austria   Mitterberger, K. 1909. Verzeichnis der im Kronlande Salzburg bisher beobachteten Mikrolepidopteren. - — :1–358. 284
Belgium   de Crombrugghe de Picquendaele, G. 1898. Note sur quelques Lépidoptères nouveaux pour la faune belge. - Annales de la Société entomologique de Belgique 42:34–44. 36
Bulgaria   Klimesch, J. 1968. Die Lepidopterenfauna Mazedoniens. IV. Microlepidoptera. - — :1–203. 175
Croatia   Matoševic, D., Pernek, M., Dubravac, T. & Baric, B. 2009. Research of leafminers on woody plants in Croatia. - Šumarski list 83(7–8):381–390. 384
Czech Republic   Skala, H. 1936a. Minen aus Mittel- und Südeuropa. - Zeitschrift des Österreichischen Entomologen-Vereines 21:78–79. 11
Denmark   Buhl, P., Falck, P., Jorgensen, B., Karsholt, O., Larsen, K. & Vilhelmsen, F. 2005. Records of Microlepidoptera from Denmark in 2004 (Lepidoptera). - Entomologiske Meddelelser 73(2):73–86. 73
France   de Joannis, J. 1910. Contribution a l'étude de lépidoptères du Morbihan. - Annales de la Société entomologique de France 77 (1909):689–838, pl. 15. 815
Georgia   Kuznetzov, V. I. & Baryshnikova, S. V. 2003. A brief review of gracillariid moths of the genus Parornix Spuler, 1910 (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae) of the Palaearctic fauna. - Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 82(1):116–137. 125
Germany   Frey, H. 1863. Das Tineengeschlecht Ornix. - Linnaea Entomologica 15:1–41. 21
Hungary   Szöcs, J. 1981b. Angaben über die minierenden Motten aus Budapest und Umgebung. - Folia Entomologica Hungarica / Rovartani Közlemények 42(2):209–220. 217
Italy Sicily Gaedike, R., Hättenschwiler, P., Triberti, P. & Zangheri, S. 1995. 81. Lepidoptera Tineoidea I. In: Minelli, A., Ruffo, S & La Posta, S. (eds.): Checklist delle species della fauna Italiana. - — 81:1–19. 16
Italy   Vorbrodt, C. 1932. Tessiner und Misoxer Schmetterlinge. II. "Microlepidoptera". - Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift "Iris", Dresden 46:66–92. 72
Italy Sardinia Hartig, F. & Amsel, H. G. 1952. Lepidoptera Sardinica. - Fragmenta Entomologica 1 (1951)(1):1–152, 7 pls. 95
Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of   Klimesch, J. 1968. Die Lepidopterenfauna Mazedoniens. IV. Microlepidoptera. - — :1–203. 175
Norway   Grønlien, N. 1924. Mikrolepidoptera fra Voss og Indre-Hardanger samt enkelte andre lokaliteter. - Norsk Entomologisk Tidsskrift 2(1):39–52. 48
Poland   Schille, F.: In Romaniszyn, J. & Schille, F. 1931. Fauna Motyli Polski. Tom II. Opracowal. - — :1–358, map. 271
Romania   Rebel, H. 1911b. Die Lepidopterenfauna von Herkulesbad und Orsova. Eine zoogeographische Studie. - Annalen des kaiserlich-königlichen Naturhistorischen Hofmuseums. Wien 25:253–430. 423
Russian Federation European Part Kuznetzov, V. I. 1999. Insects and mites: pests of agricultural plants. Volume 3. Lepidoptera. Part 2. - — :[Chapter pagination: 9–45]. 25
Serbia   Dobrosavljevic, J., Markovic, C. & Bojic, S. 2017. Overview of leaf miner fauna in Serbia. - — :1490–1498. 1492
Slovakia   Skala, H. 1937a. Minen aus Mittel- und Südeuropa (Fortsetzung und Schluss). - Zeitschrift des Österreichischen Entomologen-Vereines 22:10–11, 19–20. 11
Slovenia   Macek, J. 1975. Listni zavrtaci Slovenije V. - Zbornik Biotehnicke fakultete 25:21–27.  
Sweden   Benander, P. 1944. Sveriges Lithocolletider (Gracilariidae) [sic]. - Opuscula Entomologica 9:79–137. 126
Switzerland   Frey, H. 1863. Das Tineengeschlecht Ornix. - Linnaea Entomologica 15:1–41. 21
Ukraine   Kuznetzov, V. I. & Baryshnikova, S. V. 2003. A brief review of gracillariid moths of the genus Parornix Spuler, 1910 (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae) of the Palaearctic fauna. - Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 82(1):116–137. 125

Notes:  Earlier records from Denmark (Larsen 1916: 214, 1927; Krogerus et al. 1971, Karsholt & Nielsen 1976a) were based on misidentifications (Buhl et al. 2005: 79).

Host Plants

FAMILY SPECIES COUNTRY PUBLICATION PAGE
Betulaceae Carpinus betulus Italy Hartig, F. 1964. Microlepidotteri della Venezia Tridentina e delle regioni adiacenti. Parte III. (Fam. Gelechiidae - Micropterigidae). - Studi Trentini di Scienze Naturali, Rivista del "Museo di Storia Naturale della Venezia Tridentina" 41(3–4):1–292. 174
Betulaceae Carpinus betulus Hungary Szöcs, J. 1981b. Angaben über die minierenden Motten aus Budapest und Umgebung. - Folia Entomologica Hungarica / Rovartani Közlemények 42(2):209–220. 217
Betulaceae Carpinus betulus Slovakia Hrubý, K. 1964. Prodromus Lepidopterorum Slovaciae. - — :962 pp.. 210
Betulaceae Carpinus betulus Bulgaria Beiger, M. 1979. Materials to the knowledge of mining insects iof Bulgaria. - Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 49:485–534. 501
Betulaceae Carpinus betulus Germany Steudel, W. & Hofmann, E. 1882. Verzeichniss württembergischer Kleinschmetterlinge. - Jahreshefte des Vereins für vaterländische Naturkunde in Württemberg 38:143–262. 211
Betulaceae Carpinus betulus United Kingdom Emmet, A. M. 1987. The early stages of Parornix carpinella (Frey) and P. fagivora (Frey) (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 99(7–8):157–159. 157
Betulaceae Carpinus betulus Netherlands Huisman, K. J., Koster, J. C., van Nieukerken, E. J. & Ulenberg, S. A. 2005. Microlepidoptera in Nederland in 2003. - Entomologische Berichten 65(2):30–42. 34
Betulaceae Carpinus betulus Austria Mitterberger, K. 1909. Verzeichnis der im Kronlande Salzburg bisher beobachteten Mikrolepidopteren. - — :1–358. 284
Betulaceae Carpinus betulus Denmark Buhl, P., Falck, P., Jorgensen, B., Karsholt, O., Larsen, K. & Vilhelmsen, F. 2005. Records of Microlepidoptera from Denmark in 2004 (Lepidoptera). - Entomologiske Meddelelser 73(2):73–86. 78
Betulaceae Carpinus betulus Croatia Matoševic, D., Pernek, M., Dubravac, T. & Baric, B. 2009. Research of leafminers on woody plants in Croatia. - Šumarski list 83(7–8):381–390. 384
Betulaceae Carpinus betulus Belgium de Crombrugghe de Picquendaele, G. 1906. Catalogue raisonné des Microlépdoptères de Belgique. - Mémoires de la société entomologique de Belgique 13:1–155. 92
Betulaceae Carpinus betulus Poland Buszko, J. & Baraniak, E. 1989. Studies on the mining Lepidoptera of Poland. IV. Mining Lepidoptera of the Bielinek Reserve. - Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 59:223–234. 228
Betulaceae Carpinus orientalis Macedonia Klimesch, J. 1968. Die Lepidopterenfauna Mazedoniens. IV. Microlepidoptera. - — :1–203. 175
Betulaceae Carpinus orientalis Bulgaria Klimesch, J. 1968. Die Lepidopterenfauna Mazedoniens. IV. Microlepidoptera. - — :1–203. 175
Betulaceae Carpinus sp. Hungary Seprös, I. 1985a. Main Phytophagous Microlepidopters. I. Leaf miners. - — :279 pp.. 40
Betulaceae Carpinus sp. Germany Eckstein, K. 1933. Die Schmetterlinge Deutschlands mit besonderer Berücksichtigung ihrer Biologie und wirtschaftlichen Bedeutung. 5. Band Die Kleinschmetterlinge Deutschlands. - — :223 pp., 32 colour pls.. 160
Betulaceae Carpinus sp. Sweden Benander, P. 1944. Sveriges Lithocolletider (Gracilariidae) [sic]. - Opuscula Entomologica 9:79–137. 126
Betulaceae Carpinus sp. Romania Popescu-Gorj, A. 1964. Catalogue de la collection de Lépidoptères "Prof. A. Ostrogovich". - — :1–293, pls 1–18. 172
Betulaceae Carpinus sp. Italy Hartig, F. 1939. Sulla Minefauna della Venezia Tridentina. - Archivio per l'Alto Adige 34(1):1–70, 46 pls. 20
Betulaceae Carpinus sp. United Kingdom Emmet, A. M. 1988. A field guide to the smaller British Lepidoptera. Second edition. - — :1–288. 58
Betulaceae Ostrya carpinifolia Italy Hartig, F. & Amsel, H. G. 1952. Lepidoptera Sardinica. - Fragmenta Entomologica 1 (1951)(1):1–152, 7 pls. 95
Betulaceae Ostrya sp. Italy Baldizzone, G. 2004. I Microlepidoptera del Parco Naturale Alpi Marittime (Italia, Piemonte) (Lepidoptera). - Bollettino del Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali – Torino 22(1):1–318. 33

*   The record of Acer platanoides [Aceraceae] for Ornix eppelsheimi Fuchs (Disqué 1901b: 250) is erroneous (Triberti 1998a: 172).

Species Parasitoids

FAMILY SPECIES COUNTRY PUBLICATION PAGE
Braconidae Rhysipolis hariolator Bulgaria Balevski, N. & Tomov, R. 1997. Mining moths from family Bucculatricidae, Gracillariidae, Lyonetiidae, Nepticulidae and Tischeriidae (Lepidoptera) as hosts of parasitoids from family Braconidae (Hymenoptera). - Acta Entomologica Bulgarica 3(1–2):114–119. 115
Eulophidae Achrysocharoides splendens Poland Vidal, S. & Buszko, J. 1990. Studies on the mining Lepidoptera of Poland. VIII. Chalcidoid wasps reared from mining Lepidoptera (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea). - Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 60:73–103. 76
Ichneumonidae Gelis areator Poland Sawoniewicz, J. & Buszko, J. 1994. Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) reared from mining Lepidoptera in Poland. - Wiadomosci Entomologiczne 13(1):55–61. 57