Parornix betulae (Stainton, 1854)

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SUBFAMILY Gracillariinae
GENUSParornix
SPECIES betulae
AUTHOR(Stainton, 1854)
ORIGINAL COMBINATION[Ornix] Betulae, n. sp.
TYPE LOCALITY[United Kingdom].
GEOGRAPHICAL COORDINATES /
TYPE SPECIMEN(S) Holotype ♂, genitalia slide 16665♂, BMNH.
STATUSSpecies
COMMENTTreated as a synonym of Ornix devoniella Stainton, 1850 by Kuznetzov & Baryshnikova (2003: 127).
PUBLICATION Stainton, H. T. 1854a. Lepidoptera: Tineina. In: Insecta Britannica. Vol. 3 - — :1–313, pls. 1–10.
PAGINATION 205–206, nr. 4
DNA VOUCHERS GRPAL1104-13

Species pictures

Species Synonyms

NAME AUTHOR STATUS
betulaevorella (Doubleday, 1859) Synonym of species
betulella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1855) Synonym of species
scutulatella (Stainton, 1854) Synonym of species

Species Distribution

COUNTRY PROVINCE/STATE PUBLICATION PAGE
Austria   Galvagni, E. 1924. Bausteine zur Kenntnis der Schmetterlingsfauna der nied.-öst. Zentralalpen. 2. Nachtrag und Schluss. - Jahresbericht des Wiener entomologischen Vereines 30(1919):51–111. 108
Belarus   Kuznetzov, V. I. & Baryshnikova, S. V. 1998. Brief catalogue of the mining moths of the fam. Gracillariidae (Lepidoptera) of Russia and adjacent countries. - Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta, Rossijskaya Akademija Nauk 274:1–60. 25
Belgium   Fologne, E. 1863. Addenda au catalogue des Lépidoptères de Belgique. - Annales de la Société entomologique de Belgique 7:87–93. 92
Bulgaria   Buszko, J. & Beshkov, S. 2004. A preliminary survey of leafmining moths (Insecta: Lepidopetra: Microlepidoptera) of the Bulgarian part of Eastern Rhodopes. In: Beron, P. & Popov, A. (Eds.), Biodiversity of Bulgaria. 2. Biodiversity of Eastern Rhodopes (Bulgaria and Greece). - — :723–733. 728
Canada Nova Scotia Pohl, G. R., Landry, J.-F., Schmidt, B. C., Lafontaine, J. D., Troubridge, J. T., Macaulay, A. D., van Nieukerken, E. J., DeWaard, J. R., Dombroskie, J. J., Klymko, J., Nazari, V. & Stead, K. 2018. Annotated checklist of the moths and butterflies (Lepidoptera) of Canada and Alaska. - — :1–580. 58
Canada British Columbia Landry, J.-F., Nazari, V., Dewaard, J. R., Mutanen, M., Lopez-Vaamonde, C., Huemer, P. & Hebert, P. D. N. 2013. Shared but overlooked 30 species of Holarctic Microlepidoptera revealed by DNA barcodes and morphology. - Zootaxa 3749(1):1–93. 18
Canada Ontario Landry, J.-F., Nazari, V., Dewaard, J. R., Mutanen, M., Lopez-Vaamonde, C., Huemer, P. & Hebert, P. D. N. 2013. Shared but overlooked 30 species of Holarctic Microlepidoptera revealed by DNA barcodes and morphology. - Zootaxa 3749(1):1–93. 18
Canada Quebec Landry, J.-F., Nazari, V., Dewaard, J. R., Mutanen, M., Lopez-Vaamonde, C., Huemer, P. & Hebert, P. D. N. 2013. Shared but overlooked 30 species of Holarctic Microlepidoptera revealed by DNA barcodes and morphology. - Zootaxa 3749(1):1–93. 18
Canada Alberta Pohl, G. R., Landry, J.-F., Schmidt, B. C., Lafontaine, J. D., Troubridge, J. T., Macaulay, A. D., van Nieukerken, E. J., DeWaard, J. R., Dombroskie, J. J., Klymko, J., Nazari, V. & Stead, K. 2018. Annotated checklist of the moths and butterflies (Lepidoptera) of Canada and Alaska. - — :1–580. 58
Czech Republic   Nickerl, O. 1894. Catalogus insectorum faunae bohemicae III. Die Kleinschmetterlinge (Microlepidoptera) Böhmens. - — :i–vi,1–38. 28
Denmark   Larsen, C. S. 1916. Fortegnelse over Danmarks Microlepidoptera. - Entomologiske Meddelelser 11:28–319. 215
Estonia   Nolcken, J. H. W. 1870. Lepidopterologische Fauna von Estland, Livland und Kurland. Microlepidoptera. Heft. IV. - Arbeiten des Naturforschervereins zu Riga, Neue Folge 2–4:1–849. 635
Finland   Tengström, J. M. J. 1869. Catalogus Lepidopterorum Faunae Fennicae praecursorius. - Notiser ur Sallskapets pro Fauna et Flora Fennica Förhandlingar 10:287–370. 349
France   de Joannis, J. 1910. Contribution a l'étude de lépidoptères du Morbihan. - Annales de la Société entomologique de France 77 (1909):689–838, pl. 15. 815
Germany   Frey, H. 1863. Das Tineengeschlecht Ornix. - Linnaea Entomologica 15:1–41. 35
Hungary   Szöcs, J. 1971. A lepkehernyók természetes tápnövényei, II. - Folia Entomologica Hungarica / Rovartani Közlemények 24(39):443–463. 455
Italy   Hartig, F. 1939. Sulla Minefauna della Venezia Tridentina. - Archivio per l'Alto Adige 34(1):1–70, 46 pls. 18
Japan Hokkaidō Kumata, T. 1965a. On the species of the genera Parornix Spuler and Callisto Stephens occurring in Japan, with descriptions of two new species (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Insecta Matsumurana 28(1):62–68, pls. 7–10. 64
Japan Honshū Kumata, T. 1965a. On the species of the genera Parornix Spuler and Callisto Stephens occurring in Japan, with descriptions of two new species (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Insecta Matsumurana 28(1):62–68, pls. 7–10. 64
Korea, Republic of   Kawahara, A. Y., Sohn, J.-C., De Prins, J. & Cho, S. 2010. Five species of Gracillariidae (Lepidoptera) new to Korea. - Entomological Research 40(2):131–135. 134
Latvia   Nolcken, J. H. W. 1870. Lepidopterologische Fauna von Estland, Livland und Kurland. Microlepidoptera. Heft. IV. - Arbeiten des Naturforschervereins zu Riga, Neue Folge 2–4:1–849. 635
Lithuania   Ivinskis, P. & Pakalniškis, S.Wagner 1984. Microlepidoptera of Lithuania (Gracillariidae). - Lietuvos TSR Mokslu Akademijos darbai 1(85):26–36. 31
Luxembourg   Wagner-Rollinger, C. 1974. Les lépidoptères du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg (et des régions limitrophes). - Archives de l'Institut Grand-Ducal, Section des Sciences 36:285–358. 306
Netherlands   de Graaf, H. W. & Snellen, P. C. T. 1868. Microlepidoptera als nieuw voor de fauna van Nederland. - Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 11:49–84. 65
Norway   Wocke, M. F. 1862. Reise nach Finmarken von Dr. Staudinger und Dr. Wocke. II. Microlepidoptera. - Entomologische Zeitung, Stettin 23:233–257. 242
Poland   Büttner, F. O. 1880. Die pommerschen, insbesondere die Stettiner Mikrolepidoptern [sic]. - Stettiner entomologische Zeitung 41:383–473. 453
Portugal   Corley, M. F. V., Maravalhas, E. & de Carvalho, J. P. 2006. Miscellaneous additions to the Lepidoptera of Portugal (Insecta: Lepidoptera). - SHILAP, Revista de Lepidopterologia 34(136):407–427. 412
Romania   Caradja, A. 1899. Zusammenstellung der bisher in Rumänien beobachteten Microlepidopteren. - Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift "Iris", Dresden 12:171–218. 209 (footnote)
Russian Federation Far East (Ussuri) Ermolaev, V. P. 1977. A review of the fauna and ecology of miner-moths (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae) of the Primorye Territory. In: The Fauna of Insects of the Far East. - Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta, Akademija Nauk SSSR 70:98–116. 110
Russian Federation Far East (Kuril Islands, Kunashir) Noreika, R. 1997. Gracillariidae. In: Ler, P. A. (Ed.), Key to the insects of Russian Far East. Vol. V. Trichoptera and Lepidoptera. Part 1. - — :1–540, Chapter pagination: 373–429. 408
Russian Federation West Siberia Kirichenko, N. I., Petko, V. M., Magnoux, E. & Lopez-Vaamonde C. 2017b. Diversity and distribution of leaf mining insects on Birches (Betula spp.) in Siberia. - Entomological Review 97(2):183–198. 190
Russian Federation European Part Ermolaev, V. P. 1977. A review of the fauna and ecology of miner-moths (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae) of the Primorye Territory. In: The Fauna of Insects of the Far East. - Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta, Akademija Nauk SSSR 70:98–116. 110
Russian Federation Central Asia (Siberia) Ermolaev, V. P. 1993. Gracillariid moths of the genus Parornix Spuler (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae) of the Far East. - Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 72(3):644–647. 645
Russian Federation Far East (Primorye) Ermolaev, V. P. 1977. A review of the fauna and ecology of miner-moths (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae) of the Primorye Territory. In: The Fauna of Insects of the Far East. - Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta, Akademija Nauk SSSR 70:98–116. 110
Serbia   Dobrosavljevic, J., Markovic, C. & Bojic, S. 2017. Overview of leaf miner fauna in Serbia. - — :1490–1498. 1492
Slovakia   Hrubý, K. 1964. Prodromus Lepidopterorum Slovaciae. - — :962 pp.. 211
Spain   Laštuvka, A. & Laštuvka, Z. 2014a. New records of mining Lepidoptera from the Iberian Peninsula (Insecta: Lepidoptera). - SHILAP, Revista de Lepidopterologia 42(165):121–133. 123
Sweden   Reuter, E. 1904. Bidrag till kännedomen om Microlepidopterfaunaen i Ålands och Åbo skärgårdar. - Acta Societas pro Fauna et Flora Fennica 26(1):1–66. 39
Switzerland   Frey, H. 1856. Die Tineen and Pterophoren der Schweiz. - — :1–430. 251
Ukraine   Gershenzon, Z. S. & Kholtshenkov, V. A. 1974. In: Vasiljev, V. P. (Ed), [Pests of agricultural crops and forestry plantations. Vol. 2. Pests (continuation), Vertebrata]. - — :Chapter pagination: 236–244. 239
United Kingdom   Stainton, H. T. 1854a. Lepidoptera: Tineina. In: Insecta Britannica. Vol. 3 - — :1–313, pls. 1–10. 206

Host Plants

FAMILY SPECIES COUNTRY PUBLICATION PAGE
Betulaceae Betula alba Germany Steudel, W. & Hofmann, E. 1882. Verzeichniss württembergischer Kleinschmetterlinge. - Jahreshefte des Vereins für vaterländische Naturkunde in Württemberg 38:143–262. 211
Betulaceae Betula alba Netherlands de Graaf, H. W. & Snellen, P. C. T. 1868. Microlepidoptera als nieuw voor de fauna van Nederland. - Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 11:49–84. 65
Betulaceae Betula costata Russia (Far East) Kirichenko, N. I., Petko, V. M., Magnoux, E. & Lopez-Vaamonde C. 2017b. Diversity and distribution of leaf mining insects on Birches (Betula spp.) in Siberia. - Entomological Review 97(2):183–198. 190
Betulaceae Betula ermanii Germany Osthelder, L. 1951. Die Schmetterlinge Südbayerns und der angrenzenden nördlichen Kalkalpen. II. Teil. Die Kleischmetterlinge. 2. Heft. Glyphipterygidae bis Micropterygidae. - Mitteilungen der Münchner Entomologische Gesellschaft 41:113–250. 216
Betulaceae Betula humilis Germany Buhr, H. 1935. Mecklenburgische Minen. III. Lepidopteren-Minen. - Stettiner entomologische Zeitung 96:131–159, 262–292. 145
Betulaceae Betula lutea Germany Buhr, H. 1935. Mecklenburgische Minen. III. Lepidopteren-Minen. - Stettiner entomologische Zeitung 96:131–159, 262–292. 149
Betulaceae Betula mandshurica Russia (Far East) Ermolaev, V. P. 1981b. New data on the fauna and ecology of mining species (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae) in the south of the Far East. In: Krivolutskaya, G. O., Egorov, A. B., Fedikova, V. S. (Eds.), New information on insects of the Far East. - — :1–125, Chapter pagination: 80–85. 82
Betulaceae Betula microphylla Russia (Far East) Kirichenko, N. I., Petko, V. M., Magnoux, E. & Lopez-Vaamonde C. 2017b. Diversity and distribution of leaf mining insects on Birches (Betula spp.) in Siberia. - Entomological Review 97(2):183–198. 190
Betulaceae Betula nana Germany Buhr, H. 1935. Mecklenburgische Minen. III. Lepidopteren-Minen. - Stettiner entomologische Zeitung 96:131–159, 262–292. 149
Betulaceae Betula occidentalis Russia (Far East) Kirichenko, N. I., Petko, V. M., Magnoux, E. & Lopez-Vaamonde C. 2017b. Diversity and distribution of leaf mining insects on Birches (Betula spp.) in Siberia. - Entomological Review 97(2):183–198. 190
Betulaceae Betula pendula Poland Buszko, J. & Baraniak, E. 1989. Studies on the mining Lepidoptera of Poland. IV. Mining Lepidoptera of the Bielinek Reserve. - Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 59:223–234. 228
Betulaceae Betula pendula Italy Klimesch, J. 1950. Contibuto alla fauna Lepidopterologica del Trentino. - Studi Trentini di Scienze Naturali, Rivista del "Museo di Storia Naturale della Venezia Tridentina" 27(1–3):11–68. 47
Betulaceae Betula pendula Hungary Szöcs, J. 1981b. Angaben über die minierenden Motten aus Budapest und Umgebung. - Folia Entomologica Hungarica / Rovartani Közlemények 42(2):209–220. 40
Betulaceae Betula pendula Slovakia Hrubý, K. 1964. Prodromus Lepidopterorum Slovaciae. - — :962 pp.. 211
Betulaceae Betula pendula Bulgaria Buszko, J. & Beshkov, S. 2004. A preliminary survey of leafmining moths (Insecta: Lepidopetra: Microlepidoptera) of the Bulgarian part of Eastern Rhodopes. In: Beron, P. & Popov, A. (Eds.), Biodiversity of Bulgaria. 2. Biodiversity of Eastern Rhodopes (Bulgaria and Greece). - — :723–733. 728
Betulaceae Betula pendula Norway Grønlien, N. 1924. Mikrolepidoptera fra Voss og Indre-Hardanger samt enkelte andre lokaliteter. - Norsk Entomologisk Tidsskrift 2(1):39–52. 48
Betulaceae Betula pendula Germany Buhr, H. 1935. Mecklenburgische Minen. III. Lepidopteren-Minen. - Stettiner entomologische Zeitung 96:131–159, 262–292. 148
Betulaceae Betula pendula Russia (Far East) Kirichenko, N. I., Petko, V. M., Magnoux, E. & Lopez-Vaamonde C. 2017b. Diversity and distribution of leaf mining insects on Birches (Betula spp.) in Siberia. - Entomological Review 97(2):183–198. 190
Betulaceae Betula platyphylla Russia (Far East) Ermolaev, V. P. 1987b. Material on the fauna of Gracillariidae from Sakhalin and the southern Kuril Islands. In: Ler, P. A., Kirpichnikova, V. A. & Kononenko, V. S. (Eds.), Lepidoptera of the Soviet Far East. - — :1–128, Chapter pagination: 25–36. 33
Betulaceae Betula platyphylla Japan Kumata, T. 1965a. On the species of the genera Parornix Spuler and Callisto Stephens occurring in Japan, with descriptions of two new species (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). - Insecta Matsumurana 28(1):62–68, pls. 7–10. 64
Betulaceae Betula pubescens Portugal Corley, M. F. V. 2015. Lepidoptera of Continental Portugal. - — :282 pp.. 68
Betulaceae Betula pubescens United Kingdom Langmaid, J. R. & Young, M. R. 2014. Micrlepidoptera review of 2013. - Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 126:197–225. 205
Betulaceae Betula pubescens Germany Steudel, W. & Hofmann, E. 1882. Verzeichniss württembergischer Kleinschmetterlinge. - Jahreshefte des Vereins für vaterländische Naturkunde in Württemberg 38:143–262. 211
Betulaceae Betula pubescens Poland Vidal, S. & Buszko, J. 1990. Studies on the mining Lepidoptera of Poland. VIII. Chalcidoid wasps reared from mining Lepidoptera (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea). - Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 60:73–103. 76
Betulaceae Betula pubescens Hungary Szöcs, J. 1971. A lepkehernyók természetes tápnövényei, II. - Folia Entomologica Hungarica / Rovartani Közlemények 24(39):443–463. 455
Betulaceae Betula sp. Russia Akulov, E. N., Kirichenko, N. I. & Ponomarenko, M. G. 2018. Contribution to the Microlepidoptera fauna of the south of the Krasnoyarsk Territory and the Republic of Khakassia. - Entomological Review 97(1):110–146. 123
Betulaceae Betula sp. Germany Disqué, H. 1901b. Verzeichniss der in der Pfalz vorkommenden, aber bisher noch nicht bei Speyer aufgefundenen Kleinschmetterlinge. - Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift "Iris", Dresden 14:229–250. 241
Betulaceae Betula sp. Lithuania Ivinskis, P., Pakalniškis, S. & Puplesis, R. 1985. Augalus minuojantys vabzdziai. - — :1–240. 82
Betulaceae Betula sp. Denmark Larsen, C. S. 1916. Fortegnelse over Danmarks Microlepidoptera. - Entomologiske Meddelelser 11:28–319. 215
Betulaceae Betula sp. United Kingdom Stainton, H. T. 1854a. Lepidoptera: Tineina. In: Insecta Britannica. Vol. 3 - — :1–313, pls. 1–10. 206
Betulaceae Betula sp. Poland Büttner, F. O. 1880. Die pommerschen, insbesondere die Stettiner Mikrolepidoptern [sic]. - Stettiner entomologische Zeitung 41:383–473. 453
Betulaceae Betula sp. Sweden Benander, P. 1944. Sveriges Lithocolletider (Gracilariidae) [sic]. - Opuscula Entomologica 9:79–137. 127
Betulaceae Betula sp. Italy Hartig, F. 1939. Sulla Minefauna della Venezia Tridentina. - Archivio per l'Alto Adige 34(1):1–70, 46 pls. 18
Betulaceae Betula sp. Switzerland Frey, H. 1856. Die Tineen and Pterophoren der Schweiz. - — :1–430. 251
Betulaceae Betula sp. Belgium de Crombrugghe de Picquendaele, G. 1906. Catalogue raisonné des Microlépdoptères de Belgique. - Mémoires de la société entomologique de Belgique 13:1–155. 93
Betulaceae Betula utilis Germany Buhr, H. 1935. Mecklenburgische Minen. III. Lepidopteren-Minen. - Stettiner entomologische Zeitung 96:131–159, 262–292. 149

Species Parasitoids

FAMILY SPECIES COUNTRY PUBLICATION PAGE
Braconidae Rhysipolis hariolator Poland Marczak, P. & Buszko, J. 1993. Braconid wasps (Hypneoptera, Braconidae) reared from mining Lepidoptera. - Wiadomosci Entomologiczne 12(4):259–272. 262
Eulophidae Achrysocharoides splendens Poland Vidal, S. & Buszko, J. 1990. Studies on the mining Lepidoptera of Poland. VIII. Chalcidoid wasps reared from mining Lepidoptera (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea). - Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 60:73–103. 76
Eulophidae Chrysocharis laomedon United Kingdom Askew, R. R. & Shaw, M. R. 1974. An account of the Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera) parasitising leafmining insects of deciduous trees in Britain. - Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 6:289–335. 320