Conopomorpha cramerella (Snellen, 1904)

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SUBFAMILY Ornixolinae
GENUSConopomorpha
SPECIES cramerella
AUTHOR(Snellen, 1904)
ORIGINAL COMBINATIONGracilaria Cramerella Snellen i.l. nov. sp.
TYPE LOCALITY[Indonesia], Java.
GEOGRAPHICAL COORDINATES /
TYPE SPECIMEN(S) 11 syntypes (♂ and ♀), RNHL (Bradley 1986: 44).
STATUSSpecies
COMMENTSynonym: Acrocercops hierocosma Meyrick, 1920.
PUBLICATION van Deventer, W. 1904a. Over de ontwikkelingstoestanden van eenige Microlepidoptera van Java. - Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 46 (1903)(2):79–89, pls 9–10.
PAGINATION 84–86, footnote; pl. 10, figs. 2a–b
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Species pictures

Species Synonyms

NAME AUTHOR STATUS
hierocosma (Meyrick, 1912) Synonym of species

Species Distribution

COUNTRY PROVINCE/STATE PUBLICATION PAGE
Australia Northern Territory Meyrick, E. 1912b. Lepidoptera Heterocera (Tineae). Fam. Gracilariadae. In: Wytsman, P. (ed.): Genera Insectorum. Fascicule 128. - — :1–36, pl. 1. 18 (footnote, as hierocosma)
Brunei Darussalam   Bradley, J. D. 1986. Identity of the south-east Asian cocoa moth, Conopomorpha cramerella (Snellen) (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae), with descriptions of three allied new species. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 76(1):41–51. 44
China   Hung, C. C., Hung, M. D. & Wang, W. L. 2006. Development of formulations of sex attractant litchi fruit borer, Conopomorpha sinensis. - Plant Protection Bulletin 48(3):189–202. 202
India   Fletcher, T. B. [1921]. Life-histories of Indian Insects. Microlepidoptera. VI. Gracillariadae [sic]. - Memoirs of the Department of Agriculture in India. Entomological Series 6 (1920)(1–6):1–217, I–L pls. 153
India West Bengal Meyrick, E. 1916b. Exotic Microlepidoptera. - Exotic Microlepidoptera (Marlborough) 2(1):1–32. 4
Indonesia Kalimantan Shapiro, L. H., Scheffer, S. J., Maisin, N., Lambert, S., Bin-Purung, H., Sulistyowati, E., Vega, F. E., Gende, P., Laup, S., Rosmana, A., Djam, S. & Hebbar, P. K. 2008. Conopomorpha cramerella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in the Malay Archipelago: genetic signature of a bottlenecked population. - Annals of the Entomological Society of America 101(5):930–938. 932
Indonesia Moluccas Shapiro, L. H., Scheffer, S. J., Maisin, N., Lambert, S., Bin-Purung, H., Sulistyowati, E., Vega, F. E., Gende, P., Laup, S., Rosmana, A., Djam, S. & Hebbar, P. K. 2008. Conopomorpha cramerella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in the Malay Archipelago: genetic signature of a bottlenecked population. - Annals of the Entomological Society of America 101(5):930–938. 932
Indonesia Sulawesi Robinson, G. S., Tuck, K. R. & Shaffer, M. 1994. A field guide to the smaller moths of South-East Asia. - — :1–309. 44
Indonesia Sumatra Shapiro, L. H., Scheffer, S. J., Maisin, N., Lambert, S., Bin-Purung, H., Sulistyowati, E., Vega, F. E., Gende, P., Laup, S., Rosmana, A., Djam, S. & Hebbar, P. K. 2008. Conopomorpha cramerella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in the Malay Archipelago: genetic signature of a bottlenecked population. - Annals of the Entomological Society of America 101(5):930–938. 932
Indonesia Borneo Shapiro, L. H., Scheffer, S. J., Maisin, N., Lambert, S., Bin-Purung, H., Sulistyowati, E., Vega, F. E., Gende, P., Laup, S., Rosmana, A., Djam, S. & Hebbar, P. K. 2008. Conopomorpha cramerella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in the Malay Archipelago: genetic signature of a bottlenecked population. - Annals of the Entomological Society of America 101(5):930–938. 930
Indonesia Bali Shapiro, L. H., Scheffer, S. J., Maisin, N., Lambert, S., Bin-Purung, H., Sulistyowati, E., Vega, F. E., Gende, P., Laup, S., Rosmana, A., Djam, S. & Hebbar, P. K. 2008. Conopomorpha cramerella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in the Malay Archipelago: genetic signature of a bottlenecked population. - Annals of the Entomological Society of America 101(5):930–938. 932
Indonesia Flores Shapiro, L. H., Scheffer, S. J., Maisin, N., Lambert, S., Bin-Purung, H., Sulistyowati, E., Vega, F. E., Gende, P., Laup, S., Rosmana, A., Djam, S. & Hebbar, P. K. 2008. Conopomorpha cramerella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in the Malay Archipelago: genetic signature of a bottlenecked population. - Annals of the Entomological Society of America 101(5):930–938. 932
Indonesia Java van Deventer, W. 1904a. Over de ontwikkelingstoestanden van eenige Microlepidoptera van Java. - Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 46 (1903)(2):79–89, pls 9–10. 84
Indonesia Irian Jaya Shapiro, L. H., Scheffer, S. J., Maisin, N., Lambert, S., Bin-Purung, H., Sulistyowati, E., Vega, F. E., Gende, P., Laup, S., Rosmana, A., Djam, S. & Hebbar, P. K. 2008. Conopomorpha cramerella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in the Malay Archipelago: genetic signature of a bottlenecked population. - Annals of the Entomological Society of America 101(5):930–938. 932
Malaysia Peninsula Bradley, J. D. 1986. Identity of the south-east Asian cocoa moth, Conopomorpha cramerella (Snellen) (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae), with descriptions of three allied new species. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 76(1):41–51. 41
Malaysia Sabah Bradley, J. D. 1986. Identity of the south-east Asian cocoa moth, Conopomorpha cramerella (Snellen) (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae), with descriptions of three allied new species. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 76(1):41–51. 44
Malaysia Sarawak Kueh, T. K., Gumbek, M. & Tang, D. T. H. 1985. Cocoa-pod borer on cocoa. - FAO Plant Protection Bulletin 33(1):43. 43
Papua New Guinea Bismarck Archipelago (New Britain) Bradley, J. D. 1986. Identity of the south-east Asian cocoa moth, Conopomorpha cramerella (Snellen) (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae), with descriptions of three allied new species. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 76(1):41–51. 44
Philippines   Bradley, J. D. 1986. Identity of the south-east Asian cocoa moth, Conopomorpha cramerella (Snellen) (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae), with descriptions of three allied new species. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 76(1):41–51. 41
Samoa   Meyrick, E. 1927b. Insects of Samoa. Part III. Fasc. 2. Micro-Lepidoptera. - — :65–116. 108 (introduced)
Solomon Islands Guadalcanal Bradley, J. D. 1961. Microlepidoptera from the Solomon Islands. Additional records and descriptions of Microlepidoptera collected in the Solomon Islands by the Rennell Island Expedition 1953-54. - Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Entomology 10(4):113–168, pls. 5–19. 157
Taiwan, Province of China   Hwang, J. S. & Hsieh, F. K. 1989. The bionomics of the cocoa pod borer, Conopomorpha cramerella (Snellen), in Taiwan. - Plant Protection Bulletin 31:387–395.  
Thailand   Bradley, J. D. 1986. Identity of the south-east Asian cocoa moth, Conopomorpha cramerella (Snellen) (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae), with descriptions of three allied new species. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 76(1):41–51. 44
Vanuatu Anatum Bradley, J. D. 1962. Microlepidoptera from the New Hybrides. Records and descripitons of Microlepidoptera collected on the island of Aneityum by Miss Evelyn Cheesman, O.B.E. - Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Entomology 12(5):249–271, pls. 14–27. 268
Viet Nam   Robinson, G. S., Tuck, K. R. & Shaffer, M. 1994. A field guide to the smaller moths of South-East Asia. - — :1–309. 44 (as hierocosma)

Host Plants

FAMILY SPECIES COUNTRY PUBLICATION PAGE
Fabaceae Cynometra cauliflora   Bradley, J. D. 1986. Identity of the south-east Asian cocoa moth, Conopomorpha cramerella (Snellen) (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae), with descriptions of three allied new species. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 76(1):41–51. 44
Malvaceae Cola acuminata   Posada, F. J., Virdiana, I., Navies, M., Pava-Ripoll, M. & Hebbar, P. 2011. Sexual dimorphism of pupae and adults of the cocoa pod borer, Conopomorpha cramerella. - Journal of Insect Science (Tucson) 11:52. 2
Malvaceae Cola nitida   Posada, F. J., Virdiana, I., Navies, M., Pava-Ripoll, M. & Hebbar, P. 2011. Sexual dimorphism of pupae and adults of the cocoa pod borer, Conopomorpha cramerella. - Journal of Insect Science (Tucson) 11:52. 2
Malvaceae Cola sp.   Bradley, J. D. 1986. Identity of the south-east Asian cocoa moth, Conopomorpha cramerella (Snellen) (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae), with descriptions of three allied new species. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 76(1):41–51. 44
Malvaceae Theobroma cacao   Bradley, J. D. 1961. Microlepidoptera from the Solomon Islands. Additional records and descriptions of Microlepidoptera collected in the Solomon Islands by the Rennell Island Expedition 1953-54. - Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Entomology 10(4):113–168, pls. 5–19. 157
Malvaceae Theobroma cacao Philippines Alba, M. C., Salvador, A. C., Galbizo, T. C. & Thomas, E. 1985. Additional information on the biology of Acrocercops cramerella Snellen (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in the Philippines. - Philippine Entomologist 6(3):243–253. 243
Malvaceae Theobroma cacao Malaysia Kueh, T. K., Gumbek, M. & Tang, D. T. H. 1985. Cocoa-pod borer on cocoa. - FAO Plant Protection Bulletin 33(1):43. 43
Meliaceae Swietenia sp.   Meyrick, E. 1916b. Exotic Microlepidoptera. - Exotic Microlepidoptera (Marlborough) 2(1):1–32. 4
Sapindaceae Dimocarpus longan   Robinson, G. S., Ackery, P. R., Kitching, I. J., Beccaloni, G. W. & Hernández, L. M. 2001. Hostplants of the moth and butterfly caterpillars of the Oriental Region. - — :1–744. 122
Sapindaceae Litchi chinensis India Fletcher, T. B. [1921]. Life-histories of Indian Insects. Microlepidoptera. VI. Gracillariadae [sic]. - Memoirs of the Department of Agriculture in India. Entomological Series 6 (1920)(1–6):1–217, I–L pls. 153 (as hierocosma)
Sapindaceae Nephelium lappaceum Malaysia Walker, A. K. & Huddleston, T. 1987. Chelonus chailini sp. n. (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) from Malaysia, parasitizing gracillariid moths (Lepidoptera). - Bulletin of Entomological Research 77(3):437–440. 437
Sapindaceae Nephelium lappaceum Samoa Meyrick, E. 1927b. Insects of Samoa. Part III. Fasc. 2. Micro-Lepidoptera. - — :65–116. 108
Sapindaceae Nephelium lappaceum Indonesia (Java) van Deventer, W. 1904a. Over de ontwikkelingstoestanden van eenige Microlepidoptera van Java. - Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 46 (1903)(2):79–89, pls 9–10. 85
Sapindaceae Nephelium litchi India Fletcher, T. B. 1933. Life histories of Indian Microlepidoptera (Second Series). Cosmopterygidae to Neopseustidae. - — 4:1–85. 48
Sapindaceae Nephelium litchi Samoa Meyrick, E. 1927b. Insects of Samoa. Part III. Fasc. 2. Micro-Lepidoptera. - — :65–116. 108
Sapindaceae Nephelium malainse Malaysia Walker, A. K. & Huddleston, T. 1987. Chelonus chailini sp. n. (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) from Malaysia, parasitizing gracillariid moths (Lepidoptera). - Bulletin of Entomological Research 77(3):437–440. 437
Sapindaceae Nephelium mutabile Malaysia Walker, A. K. & Huddleston, T. 1987. Chelonus chailini sp. n. (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) from Malaysia, parasitizing gracillariid moths (Lepidoptera). - Bulletin of Entomological Research 77(3):437–440. 437
Sapindaceae Pometia pinnata   Robinson, G. S., Ackery, P. R., Kitching, I. J., Beccaloni, G. W. & Hernández, L. M. 2001. Hostplants of the moth and butterfly caterpillars of the Oriental Region. - — :1–744. 122
Sapindaceae Pometia sp.   Bradley, J. D. 1986. Identity of the south-east Asian cocoa moth, Conopomorpha cramerella (Snellen) (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae), with descriptions of three allied new species. - Bulletin of Entomological Research 76(1):41–51. 44
*   In the developing fruit.

Species Parasitoids

FAMILY SPECIES COUNTRY PUBLICATION PAGE
Braconidae Scutibracon fujianensis China Wang, Y. P., Chen, X. X., Wu, H. & He, J. H. 2010. two general of Braconinae (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) in China, with descriptions of four new species. - ZooKeys 61:47–60. 60
Encyrtidae Ooencyrtus ooii Malaysia Noyes, J. S. 1991b. A new species of Oencyrtus (Hymenoptera; Encyrtidae) from Malaysia, a prepupal parasitoid of the cocoa pod borer, Conopomorpha cramerella (Snellen) (Lepidoptera; Gracillariidae). - Journal of Natural History 25(6):1617–1622. 1620
Ichneumonidae Goryphus sp. Philippines Alba, M. C., Salvador, A. C., Galbizo, T. C. & Thomas, E. 1985. Additional information on the biology of Acrocercops cramerella Snellen (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in the Philippines. - Philippine Entomologist 6(3):243–253. 243
Ichneumonidae Paraphylax fasciatipennis Philippines Alba, M. C., Salvador, A. C., Galbizo, T. C. & Thomas, E. 1985. Additional information on the biology of Acrocercops cramerella Snellen (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in the Philippines. - Philippine Entomologist 6(3):243–253. 243
Trichogrammatidae Trichogrammatoidea sp. Philippines Alba, M. C., Salvador, A. C., Galbizo, T. C. & Thomas, E. 1985. Additional information on the biology of Acrocercops cramerella Snellen (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in the Philippines. - Philippine Entomologist 6(3):243–253. 243